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Paleontological Journal

, Volume 52, Issue 12, pp 1450–1460 | Cite as

Late Pleistocene Mammals of the Northwestern Altai: Report 1. Anui Basin

  • A. K. AgadjanianEmail author
  • M. V. ShunkovEmail author
Article

Abstract

Based on the taxonomic composition of taphocoenoses of the main Paleolithic sites of the Anui River Basin within the northwestern Altai Mountains, the structure of mammal communities and potential composition of bioresources of the prehistoric man are reconstructed. It is shown that the basis of communities was composed of medium- and large-sized ungulates, including the Siberian ibex, argali, bison, and horses. A constant and important component of communities was the woolly rhinoceros. The following antelopes are regularly recorded in the Anui Basin: dzeren (Mongolian gazelle) and saiga. Roe deer and Asiatic red deer dwelt everywhere. The Asiatic red deer played a twice greater role than the roe deer as prey of humans. The major elements of communities and main competitors of humans were large carnivores, hyena and wolf. The main competitors in using caves were bear and hyena.

Keywords:

mammal communities Paleolithic Altai Mountains 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Our field work was supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation (project no. 17-29-04206) and data processing was supported by the Program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Science (no. I.17P) “Evolution of the Organic World: The Role and Effect of Planetary Processes,” the project “Comparative Analysis and Synthesis of Paleontological and Molecular Data on Phylogeny of the Key Groups of Terrestrial Vertebrates.”

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of ScienceNovosibirskRussia

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