Advertisement

Paleontological Journal

, Volume 52, Issue 10, pp 1172–1178 | Cite as

Traits of Biomorphic Structure Formation in Kamchatka Geyserites

  • E. A. ZhegalloEmail author
  • L. V. ZaytsevaEmail author
  • V. K. Orleansky
  • O. S. SamylinaEmail author
  • G. A. KarpovEmail author
Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Microstructures of silicic rocks shaped by the activity of thermophilic bacterial communities in active volcanism areas of Kamchatka are described in the present article. The role of microorganisms as a special matrix that accelerates the formation of microlayered rocks of mixed chemogenic and biogenic origin is demonstrated. The authors suggest the term “biosilicites” for such rocks.

Keywords:

geyserites Kamchatka cyanobacteria EPS silicification 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was partially supported by the Program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences “The evolution of the organic world and planetary processes” (subprogram II) and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project nos. 15-04-00774, 16‑04-00758, and 17-04-00324).

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Benning, L.G., Phoenix, V.R., Yee, N., and Konhauser, K.O., The dynamics of cyanobacterial silicification: an infrared micro-spectroscopic investigation, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 2004a, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 743–757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Benning, L.G., Phoenix, V.R., Yee, N., and Tobin, M.J., Molecular characterization of cyanobacterial silicification using synchrotron infrared micro-spectroscopy, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 2004b, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 729–741.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gerasimenko, L.M. and Krylov, I.N., Post-mortem changes in cyanobacteria from the algal-bacterial mats of thermal springs in the Kamchatka Peninsula, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1983, vol. 272, no. 1, pp. 201–203.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heaney, P.J. and Yates, D.M., Solution chemistry of wood silicification, Geol. Soc. Am. Annu. Meet. Abstr., 1998, Program 30, A-375.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Karpov, G.A., Zhegallo, E.A., Gerasimenko, L.M., Zay-tseva, L.V., Orleansky, V.K., and Samylina, O.S., Biolitogenez v sovremennykh geizeritakh Kamchatki (Biolithogenesis in Contemporary Kamchatka Geyserites), Luchinina, V.A., Ed., Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2016.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Krylov, I.N. and Tikhomirova, N.S., Genesis of silicified microfossils, Paleontol. Zh., 1988, no. 3, pp. 3–9.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nikitina, V.N., Blue-green algae of thermal habitats, Extended Abstract of Doctoral (Biol.) Dissertation, St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State Univ., 2000.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nikitina, V.N. and Lupikina, E.G., Species, systematic, and ecological composition of cyanobacteria (Cyanoprocaryota) in some thermal biotopes of Kamchatka and Kuril Islands, Kamchatka: proshloe i nastoyashchee. Materialy XXI Krasheninnikovskikh chtenii, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, 23 aprelya 2004 g. (Kamchatka: the Past and the Present: Proceedings of the 21st Krasheninnikov Readings, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, April 23, 2004), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Kamchat. Gos. Pedagog. Univ., 2004, pp. 174–178.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Phoenix, V.R., Konhauser, K.O., and Adams, D.G., Photosynthetic controls on the silicification of cyanobacteria, Geochemistry of the Earth’s Surface: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 15–20, 1999, Ármannsson, H., Ed., Rotterdam: Balkema, 1999, pp. 275–278.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Toporski, J.K.V., Steele, A., Westall, F., Thomas-Keprta, K.L., and McKay, D., The simulated silicification of bacteria—new clues to the modes and timing of bacterial preservation and implications for the search for extraterrestrial microfossils, Astrobiology, 2002, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Walter, M.R., Bauld, J., and Brock, T.D., Siliceous algal and bacterial stromatolites in hot spring and geyser effluents of Yellowstone National Park, Science, 1972, vol. 178, no. 4059, pp. 402–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Westall, F., Boni, L., and Guerzoni, E., The experimental silicification of microorganisms, Palaeontology, 1995, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 495–528.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zaytseva, L.V., Zhegallo, E.A., and Karpov, G.A., Spherical formations and features of the biomorphic structures of biosilicites in the discharge areas of the thermal springs in the Kamchatka Peninsula (the Uzon Caldera), Materialy I paleoal’gologicheskoi konferentsii “Vodorosli v evolyutsii biosfery”. Moskva, 25–28 fevralya 2013 g. (Proceedings of the First Paleoalgological Conference: Algae in Biosphere Evolution, Moscow, February 25–28, 2013), Moscow: Paleontol. Inst. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2013, pp. 41–43.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zavarzin, G.A., Karpov, G.A., Bonch-Osmolovskaya, E.A., Gerasimenko, L.M., Golovacheva, R.S., Gorlenko, V.M., and Orleansky, V.K., Kal’dernye mikroorganizmy (Caldera Microorganisms), Zavarzin, G.A., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Federal Research Center “Fundamentals of Biotechnology,” Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskiiRussia

Personalised recommendations