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Effect of the State of a Surface Layer on the Properties of Pd–P Catalysts in the Hydrogenation of Alkylanthraquinones

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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to study the state of the surface layer of a Pd–P catalyst, which exhibits high selectivity in the hydrogenation of 2-ethyl-9,10-anthraquinone. The preparation of the catalyst from Pd(acac)2 and white phosphorus in hydrogen in a toluene–1-octanol solution led to the formation of Pd–P nanoparticles whose surface was enriched in electron-deficient palladium, apparently, as a constituent of an amorphized 2D layer based on a solid solution of Pd and P. Octyl esters of phosphoric acids, adsorbed on the surface, acted as stabilizers. A relationship between the properties of the Pd–P catalyst in the hydrogenation of 2-ethyl-9,10-anthraquinone and the state of the surface layer was considered.

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The X-ray photoelectron spectra were measured on a PHOIBOS 150 MCD 9 photoelectron spectrometer at the Center for Collective Use of the Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.

The electron microscopy images of the catalyst samples were obtained on an electron microscope at the Baikal Center for Nanotechnology, Irkutsk National Research Technical University (INRTU).


The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 17-73-10158).

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Correspondence to L. B. Belykh.

Additional information

Translated by Valentin Makhlyarchuk

Abbreviations: CSR, coherent scattering region; HR TEM, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy; XRD, X-ray diffraction; FWHM, full width at half maximum of spectral lines; EDX, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.

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Belykh, L.B., Sterenchuk, T.P., Skripov, N.I. et al. Effect of the State of a Surface Layer on the Properties of Pd–P Catalysts in the Hydrogenation of Alkylanthraquinones. Kinet Catal 60, 808–817 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0023158419060028

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  • hydrogenation
  • 2-ethyl-9,10-anthraquinone
  • palladium–phosphorus catalysts
  • selectivity
  • XPS