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Journal of Structural Chemistry

, Volume 59, Issue 7, pp 1730–1736 | Cite as

Green Synthesis Using Tragacanth Gum and Characterization of Ni–Cu–Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles as a Magnetically Separable Catalyst for the Synthesis of Hexabenzylhexaazaisowurtzitane Under Ultrasonic Irradiation

  • S. Taghavi FardoodEmail author
  • A. Ramazani
  • Z. Golfar
  • S. W. Joo
Article
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Abstract

In this work, we report the synthesis, characterization, and catalytic evaluation of Ni–Cu–Zn ferrite using tragacanth gum as a biotemplate and metal nitrates as the metal source by the sol-gel method without using any organic chemicals. The sample is characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The powder XRD analysis reveals the formation of cubic-phase ferrite MNPs with an average particle size of 20 nm. The magnetic analysis reveals that the Ni–Cu–Zn ferrite nanoparticles have ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature with a saturation magnetization of 52.76 emu/g. The catalytic activity of Ni–Cu–Zn ferrite MNPs is evaluated for the synthesis of 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexabenzyl-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazatetracyclo [5.5.0.05,9.03,11]dodecane (HBIW) under ultrasonic irradiation. Mild reaction conditions, short reaction times, the use of an economically convenient catalyst, and excellent product yields are the advantageous features of this method. The catalyst could be easily recycled and reused few times without a noticeable decrease in the catalytic activity.

Keywords

ferrite tragacanth gum natural gel hexabenzylhexaazaisowurtzitane (HBIW) ultrasonic irradiation 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Taghavi Fardood
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Ramazani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Z. Golfar
    • 1
  • S. W. Joo
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of ZanjanZanjanIran
  2. 2.Research Institute of Modern Biological TechniquesUniversity of ZanjanZanjanIran
  3. 3.School of Mechanical EngineeringYeungnam UniversityGyeongsanRepublic of Korea

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