Mobile Dopants in Inhomogeneous Superconductors
We consider a superconductor hosting mobile impurities, which locally change the superconducting transition temperature. The BCS interaction at the impurity is different both in magnitude and in sign from the BCS interaction in the bulk. It is shown that due to the attraction between impurities, they tend to form more condensed state. We also consider the distribution of mobile impurities with local BCS attraction or repulsion at the vicinity of the superconductor–normal metal interface.
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