Structural phase transitions and the equation of state of SnTe at high pressures up to 2 mbar
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Synchrotron X-ray diffraction studies of the structure of SnTe have been performed at room temperature and high pressures under the conditions of quasihydrostatic compression up to 193.5 GPa created in diamond anvil cells. Two structural phase transitions have been detected at P ≈ 3 and 23 GPa. The first phase transition is accompanied by a stepwise decrease in the volume of the unit cell by 4% because of the orthorhombic distortion of the initial SnTe-B1 cubic structure of the NaCl type. It has been found that two intermediate rhombic phases of SnTe with the space groups Cmcm and Pnma coexist in the pressure range of 3–23 GPa. The second phase transition at 23 GPa occurs from the intermediate rhombic modification to the SnTe-B2 cubic phase with the CsCl structure type. This phase transition is accompanied by an abrupt decrease in the volume of the unit cell by 8%. The pressure dependence of the volumes per formula unit at room temperature has been determined.
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