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High Energy Chemistry

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 89–91 | Cite as

The Role of Gas Environment in Smoothing Surface Nanoroughness of Poly(methyl methacrylate) by Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation

  • V. E. SkuratEmail author
SHORT COMMUNICATIONS RADIATION CHEMISTRY
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INTRODUCTION

A distinctive feature of the effect of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) radiation (wavelengths of 10–200 nm) on polymer materials consists in modifying a thin surface layer with leaving the properties of the polymer material in the bulk unchanged and causing no substantial heating of the polymer [1, 2]. This feature is due to high photoabsorption coefficients of polymers in the VUV spectral region, in which all intense spectral bands of intrinsic absorption of polymers containing saturated chemical bonds in the main polymer chain are located, as well as the most intense spectral bands of intrinsic absorption of polymers containing unsaturated chemical bonds and aromatic groups. For example, attenuation of 147-nm light by a factor of e in polyethylene (PE) occurs in a layer of a 34 nm thickness. For comparison, note that a PE layer attenuating by half 60Co gamma-radiation has a thickness of about 15 cm. Therefore, significant changes in the surface layers of polymer materials...

Notes

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Talrose Institute of Energy Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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