High Energy Chemistry

, Volume 52, Issue 5, pp 400–406 | Cite as

Autoionization of Excitons in Organic Solar Cells

  • V. A. BenderskiiEmail author
  • E. I. Kats


It has been shown that in addition to the conventional mechanism of photovoltaic effect in organic solar cells (OSCs), which is the ionization of molecular excitons on impurities, a new mechanism is possible in nanoscale cells, namely, tunneling autoionization in a strong electric field of the pn junction. Its quantum yield for molecular excitons and charge-transfer excitons becomes higher than for ionization on impurities with a cell length of less than 20–25 or 60–80 lattice periods (~10 and ~25 nm), respectively. The possibility of creating cascades of series-connected OSCs with a quantum yield close to 1 on the basis of the new mechanism is discussed.


molecular excitons charge-transfer excitons autoionization photovoltaic effect organic solar cells 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia
  2. 2.Landau Institute of Theoretical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia

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