Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 775–783 | Cite as

Manifestation of the Solar Cycle in the Circulation Characteristics of the Lower Atmosphere in the Northern Hemisphere

  • A. A. KukolevaEmail author
  • N. K. Kononova
  • A. A. KrivolutskiiEmail author


The relationships between circulation characteristics in the lower atmosphere of the Northern Hemisphere and the sunspot cycle are analyzed with the use of the superposed epoch method and elements of correlation analysis on the basis of data on the length of elementary circulation processes of different types (according to Dzerdzeevsky classification) and the time series of Wolf numbers for 1899–2016. It is ascertained that a general intensification of solar activity promotes an increase in the length of meridional forms of circulation, but its effect on different subtypes of elementary circulation mechanisms is different. Seasonal differences in the solar effect on the lower atmosphere are also revealed.



  1. 1.
    Avdyushin, S.I. and Danilov, A.D., The Sun, weather, and climate: A present-day view of the problem (review), Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2000, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 545–555.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chernavskaya, M.M., Kononova, N.K., and Val’chuk, T.E., Correlation between atmospheric circulation processes over the northern hemisphere and parameter of solar variability during 1899–2003, Adv. Space Res., 2006, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 1640–1645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dickinson, R.E., Solar variability and the lower atmosphere, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 1975, vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 1240–1248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dzerdzeevskii, B.L., Seasonal circulation schemes in the Northern Hemisphere, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geogr., 1957, no. 1, pp. 36–55.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dzerdzeevskii, B.L., Circulation mechanisms in the atmosphere of the Northern Hemisphere in the 20th century, in Materialy meteorologicheskikh issledovanii (Meteorological Research Data), Moscow: Nauka, 1968.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Eigenson, M.S., Gnevyshev, M.N., Rubashev, B.M., and Ol’, A.I., Solnechnaya aktivnost' i ee zemnye proyavleniya (Solar Activity and Its Terrestrial Manifestations), Moscow: Gostekhizdat, 1948.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ermolly, I. and Matthes, K., Dudok de Wit, T., et al., Recent variability of the solar spectral irradiance and its impact on climate modeling, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 2012, vol. 12, pp. 24557–24642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gerety, E.J., Wallace, J.M., and Zerefos, C.S., Sunspots, geomagnetic indices and the weather: A cross-spectral analysis between sunspots, geomagnetic activity and global weather data, J. Atmos. Sci., 1977, vol. 34, pp. 673–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gray, L.J., Beer, J., Geller, M., et al., Solar influences on climate. Rev. Geophys., 2010, vol. 48, RG4001. doi 10.1029/2009RG000282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Haigh, J.D., Winning, A.R., Toumi, R., and Harder, J.W., An influence of solar spectral variations on radiative forcing of climate, Nature, 2010, vol. 467, pp. 696–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hines, C.O. and Halevy, I., Reality and nature of Sun–weather correlation, Nature, vol. 258, p. 313.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ishkov, V.N., Reduced and extended periods of solar activity: Monitoring features and key facts, in Solnechnaya and solnechno–zemnaya fizika-2013 (Solar and Solar–Terrestrial Physics-2013), Nagovitsyn, Yu.A., Ed., St. Petersburg: VVM, 2013, pp. 111–114. http://www. Scholar
  13. 13.
    King, J.W., Solar radiation changes and the weather, Nature, 1973, vol. 245, pp. 443–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kononova, N.K., Klassifikatsiya tsirkulyatsionnykh mekhanizmov Severnogo polushariya po B.L. Dzerdzeevskomu (Classification of Circulation Mechanisms of the Northern Hemisphere by B.L. Dzerdzeevskii), Moscow: Voentekhizdat, 2009.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Krivolutsky, A.A. and Repnev, A.I., Vozdeistvie kosmicheskikh faktorov na ozonosferu Zemli (Impact of Cosmic Factors on the Earth’s Ozonosphere), Moscow: GEOS, 2009.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Krivolutsky, A.A., Petushkov, N.D., and Tarasenko, D.A., Some regularities in the behavior of the first zonal harmonic of geopotential height in the middle stratosphere over the northern hemisphere, Tr. Tsentr. Aerol. Obs., 1988, no. 167, pp. 87–99.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Krivolutsky, A.A., V’yushkova, T.Yu., Cherepanova, L.A., Kukoleva, A.A., Repnev, A.I., and Banin, M.V., The three-dimensional photochemical model CHARM. Incorporation of solar activity, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2015a, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 59–88.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Krivolutsky, A.A., Cherepanova, L.A., and Dement’eva, A.V., Solar cycle influence on troposphere and middle atmosphere via ozone layer in the presence of planetary waves: Simulation with ARM, J. Geophys. Res.: Space, 2015b, vol. 120, no. 10, pp. 8298–8306.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Krivolutsky, A.A., Dement’eva, A.V., and Kukoleva, A.A., Variations in solar radiation in the solar activity cycle: response of Earth’s atmospheric parameters (numerical modeling and analysis of observational data), Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2016, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 920–929.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kulieva, R.N., Influence of the sector structure of the interplanetary magnetic field on atmospheric circulation, Geomagn. Aeron., 1975, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 546–547.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lean, J.L. and DeLand, M.T., How does the Sun’s spectrum vary?, J. Clim., 2012, vol. 25, pp. 2555–2560. doi 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00571.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Marsh, N. and Svensmark, H., Solar influence on Earth’s climate, Space Sci. Rev., 2003, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 317–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mokhov, I.I. and Smirnov, D.A., Diagnostics of a cause–effect relation between solar activity and the Earth’s global surface temperature, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2008, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 263–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mustel’, E.R., On solar activity effect on the troposphere in the region of polar caps of the Earth, Astron. Zh., 1966, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 365–373.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Rubashev, B.M., Problemy solnechnoi aktivnosti (Problems in Solar Activity), Moscow: Nauka, 1964.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sazonov, B.I., Vysotnye baricheskie obrazovaniya i solnechnaya aktivnost’ (Altitude Baric Formations and Solar Activity), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1964.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Val’chuk, T.E., Kononova, N.K., and Chernavskaya, M.M., Climatic change over 102 years period: Helio- and geomagnetic parameters in connection with the Northern hemisphere tropospheric circulation, in Proceedings of the International Conference “Problems of Geocosmos”, St. Petersburg, 2002, pp. 277–280.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Vitel’s, L.A., Sinopticheskaya meteorologiya i geliogeofizika (Synoptic Meteorology and Heliogeophysics), Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1977.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Vitinskii, Yu.I., Kopetskii, M., and Kuklin, G.V., Statistika pyatno-obrazovatel’noi deyatel’nosti Solntsa (Statistics of the Sunspot Solar Activity), Moscow: Nauka, 1986.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wilcox, J.M., Solar activity and the weather, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1975, vol. 37, pp. 237–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zherebtsov, G.A., Kovalenko, V.A., and Kirichenko, K.E., The role of solar activity in observed climate changes in the 20th century, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2017, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 637–644.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Aerological Observatory, ROSHYDROMETDolgoprudnyRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations