Geochemistry International

, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 318–331 | Cite as

Biogeochemical Differentiation of Living Matter and Biodiversity in the Ardon Polymetallic Subregion of the Biosphere

  • V. V. Ermakov
  • S. F. Tyutikov
  • A. P. Degtyarev
  • V. A. Safonov
  • V. N. Danilova
  • S. D. Khushvakhtova
  • U. A. Gulyaeva
  • E. V. Krechetova
Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Specific responses of plants and animals to changes in the contents of microelements (Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn, As, Se, etc.) in abiotic environmental components of the Ardon River Basin (North Ossetia) were studied by new biogeochemical indication methods. In comparison to background areas, a local increase in the Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn, and As contents in soils and organisms occurs under the impact of natural and technogenic factors. The heavy metal contents in Ardon River water are generally within hygienic norms. Activation of sulfurcontaining synthesis in the leaves of willow, sea buckthorn, and coltsfoot was revealed for the maximum heavy metal content in soils. On plots adjacent to the Unal tailing dump, the contents of pigments and their proportions in leaves of coltsfoot, dandelion, and willow do not differ from those in less contaminated areas. On technogenic plots, the species richness of plants decreases, as well as the mowed biomass and projective cover of herbaceous plants (to 40%); inhibition of plant growth, chlorosis, necrosis, and lamina deformation are observed. A new metallophyte species (Cladochaeta candidissima M. Bieb.) was revealed. The increase in lead and arsenic contents in soils and plants of the Ardon floodplain is accompanied by an increase in their concentrations in the blood and hair of animals.

Keywords

adaptation biogeochemical differentiation biodiversity animals microelements plants, k ]response 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Ermakov
    • 1
  • S. F. Tyutikov
    • 1
  • A. P. Degtyarev
    • 1
  • V. A. Safonov
    • 1
  • V. N. Danilova
    • 1
  • S. D. Khushvakhtova
    • 1
  • U. A. Gulyaeva
    • 1
  • E. V. Krechetova
    • 1
  1. 1.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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