Mach Wave Effect on Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Supersonic Flow over a Flat Plate
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The effect of a Mach wave (N wave) on laminar-turbulent transition induced by the first instability mode (Tollmien–Schlichting wave) in the flat-plate boundary layer is investigated on the basis of the numerical solution of Navier–Stokes equations at the freestream Mach number of 2.5. In accordance with the experiment, the N wave is generated by a two-dimensional roughness at the computation domain boundary corresponding to the side wall of the test section of a wind tunnel. It is shown that the disturbance induced by the backward front of the N wave in the boundary layer has no effect on the beginning of transition but displaces downstream the nonlinear stage of the first mode development. The disturbance induced by the forward front of the N wave displaces the beginning of transition upstream.
Keywordsnumerical modeling quasistationary wake Mach waves Tollmien–Schlichting waves supersonic flow boundary layer
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