Features of a Turbulent Jet at High Supersonic Velocities
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The results of modeling a turbulent supersonic jet at M = 5 using large-eddy simulation (LES) are presented. The structural features of turbulence formed in this flow are analyzed. The possibilities of the large-eddy simulation method and the complexities of simulation of the compressibility effects in jet flows at high Mach numbers are considered. Such features of the supersonic jet as the local turbulent shocklets and Mach waves are reproduced numerically. It is shown that in the neighborhood of the jet the trajectories of ejection flow are located along the front of Mach waves. Anisotropic turbulent structures whose longitudinal scale is greater than the transverse scale by an order of magnitude are revealed in the jet. An estimate of the baroclinic effects shows their weak influence on the vorticity generation in the jet flow considered.
Key wordsturbulence jets supersonic velocity shocklets simulation large eddy simulation
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