Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 84, Issue 6, pp 608–616 | Cite as

The Repertoire of Human Antiglycan Antibodies and Its Dynamics in the First Year of Life

  • N. R. KhasbiullinaEmail author
  • N. V. Shilova
  • M. J. Navakouski
  • A. Yu. Nokel
  • O. Blixt
  • L. O. Kononov
  • Yu. A. Knirel
  • N. V. Bovin


The repertoire of antiglycan antibodies of peripheral blood was studied using a microarray containing 487 glycan antigens: fragments of mammalian glycans (N- and O-chains of glycoproteins, as well as glycolipids) and also bacterial poly-saccharides. The sera samples correspond to the third, sixth, and twelfth months of life. The infants were divided into four groups according to their nutrition type: breast milk, standard formula, and partially or extensively hydrolyzed formula. During the first year of life, the total amount of IgG decreased; presumably, the lifetime of maternal IgG in the newborns’ bloodstream is much greater than is generally assumed. At the same time, the IgM content was low during the first six months and increased significantly by the twelfth month. The antiglycan IgM repertoire of one-year-old infants was still different from that of their mothers, as well as from the repertoire of unrelated donors, in particular, by the absence of antibodies against the Galβ1-3GlcNAc (LeC) disaccharide, which is found in almost all healthy humans. It is noteworthy that the level of IgM of breast-fed infants was significantly lower than that of formula-fed by the twelfth month.


natural antibodies glycans polysaccharides bacteria glycochip array infant nutrition innate immunity 



breast milk


extensively hydrolyzed formula (milk)


natural antibodies


partially hydrolyzed formula (milk)


standard formula (milk)


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We are thankful to our colleague from the University of Frontera (MD, PhD Jaime Inostroza) who provided sera samples.

Supplementary material

10541_2019_781_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (39 kb)
Table S1. Glycans (oligo- and polysaccharides) printed on microarrays used in this work
10541_2019_781_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (14 kb)
Table S2. Top-41 polysaccharides binding IgM antibodies in the sera of 12-month-old children and unrelated adult donors (with high intensity of fluorescent signals). The polysaccharides are sorted by the decreasing of fluorescent signals (medians of each of 10 donors) in the sera of adult donors. Each group of children fed by different types of nutrition (BM, breast milk; SF, standard formula; PHF, partially hydrolyzed formula; THF, totally hydrolyzed formula) contains five individuals. Positive signal in serum of each individual is marked with “+”. Glycans marked with gray color are practically absent in the sera of the children. RFU, relative fluorescent units; range 0-65535)
10541_2019_781_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (834 kb)
Table S3. Glycans binding IgM in the sera on 20 infants at the age of 3, 6, and 12 months, their mothers, and unrelated adult donors. RFU, relative fluorescent units, range 0-65,535 RFU; M, median; Q1, Q3, median deviation represented as interquartile range. For the structure of the glycans, see Table S1
10541_2019_781_MOESM4_ESM.xlsx (866 kb)
Table S4. Glycans binding IgG in the sera on 20 infants at the age of 3, 6, and 12 months, their mothers, and unrelated adult donors. RFU, relative fluorescent units, range 0-65,535; M, median; Q1, Q3, median deviation represented as interquartile range. For the structure of the glycans, see Table S1


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. R. Khasbiullina
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • N. V. Shilova
    • 2
  • M. J. Navakouski
    • 2
  • A. Yu. Nokel
    • 2
  • O. Blixt
    • 3
  • L. O. Kononov
    • 1
  • Yu. A. Knirel
    • 1
  • N. V. Bovin
    • 2
  1. 1.Zelinsky Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.University of CopenhagenFrederiksbergDenmark

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