Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 83, Issue 4, pp 423–436 | Cite as

Structure and Functions of the Mediator Complex

  • E. V. Putlyaev
  • A. N. Ibragimov
  • L. A. Lebedeva
  • P. G. Georgiev
  • Y. V. Shidlovskii
Review

Abstract

Mediator is a key factor in the regulation of expression of RNA polymerase II-transcribed genes. Recent studies have shown that Mediator acts as a coordinator of transcription activation and participates in maintaining chromatin architecture in the cell nucleus. In this review, we present current concepts on the structure and functions of Mediator.

Keywords

Mediator transcription RNA polymerase chromatin enhancer promoter 

Abbreviations

CKM

Cdk8 kinase module

CTD

C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II Rpb1 subunit

IDR

intrinsically disordered protein regions

ncRNA

noncoding RNA

PIC

preinitiation complex

Pol I, II, III

DNA-dependent RNA polymerase I, II, and III,respectively

UAS

upstream activating sequence

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. V. Putlyaev
    • 1
  • A. N. Ibragimov
    • 1
  • L. A. Lebedeva
    • 1
  • P. G. Georgiev
    • 1
  • Y. V. Shidlovskii
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Gene BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Sechenov First Moscow State Medical UniversityMoscowRussia

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