Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 54, Issue 11, pp 1513–1524 | Cite as

Aerosol, Plasma Vortices and Atmospheric Processes

  • N. I. IzhovkinaEmail author
  • S. N. Artekha
  • N. S. Erokhin
  • L. A. Mikhailovskaya


Atmospheric particle ionization by cosmic rays peaks at altitudes of the formation of tropospheric clouds. Since the formation of ionizing particles is a cascaded process, the effect of cosmic radiation on vortex atmospheric processes is essentially nonlinear. The importance of aerosol is manifested in the generation of plasma vortices and in the accumulation of energy and mass by atmospheric vortices during the condensation of moisture. The nonmonotonic stratification of unstable plasma inhomogeneities contributes to the formation of cellular structures. With the ionization of particles, the fields of pressure gradients of a mosaic cellular topology can be characterized by the appearance of an electric field of plasma vortices. In the aerosol plasma of atmospheric cloudiness, the electromagnetic forces between the flow structure elements contribute to the intensification of the vortex component. The interaction of spiral current vortices in plasma is determined by their magnitude and spatial distribution geometry. The interaction between a cyclone and an anticyclone depends on the stability of the anticyclone. Vortex activity of the atmosphere, its jet streams, and turbulence are associated with inhomogeneous cellular distributions of atmospheric pollutants. The energy of strong atmospheric vortex structures is partially generated by aerosol plasma vortices.


aerosol plasma geomagnetic field cosmic rays vortex activity blocking anticyclones clear weather turbulence 



  1. 1.
    Avdyushin, S.I. and Danilov, A.D., The Sun, weather, and climate: A present-day view of the problem (review), Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2000, vol. 40, no. 5. pp. 545–555.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aburdzhania, G.D., Samoorganizatsiya nelineinykh vikhrevykh struktur i vikhrevoi turbulentnosti v dispergiruyushchikh sredakh (Self-Organization of Nonlinear Vortex Structures and Vortex Turbulence in Dispersive Media), Moscow: KomKniga, 2006.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Artekha, S.N. and Belyan, A.V., On the role of electromagnetic phenomena in some atmospheric processes, Nonlinear Processes Geophys., 2013, vol. 20, pp. 293–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Artekha, S.N. and Belyan, A.V., New physical mechanism for lightning, Int. J. Theor. Phys., 2018, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 388–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bondur, V.G. and Pulinets, S.A., Effect of mesoscale atmospheric vortex processes on the upper atmosphere and ionosphere of the Earth, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2012, no. 9, pp. 871–878.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bondur, V.G., Pulinets, S.A., and Kim, G.A., Role of variations in galactic cosmic rays in tropical cyclogenesis: Evidence of Hurricane Katrina, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2008, vol. 422, no. 1, pp. 1124–1128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Deirmendjian, D., Electromagnetic Scattering on Spherical Polydispersions, New York: Elsevier, 1969; Moscow: Mir, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Erokhin, N.S., Mikhailovskaya, L.A., and Shalimov, S.A., Conditions of the propagation of internal gravity waves through wind structures from the troposphere to the ionosphere, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2013, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 732–744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fierro, A.O., Shao, X.-M., Hamlin, T., Reisner, J.M., and Harlin, J., Evolution of eyewall convective events as indicated by intracloud and cloud-to-ground lightning activity during the rapid intensification of hurricanes Rita and Katrina, Mon. Weather Rev., 2011, vol. 139, no. 5, pp. 1492–1504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gossard, E. and Hooke, W., Waves in the Atmosphere: Atmospheric Infrasound and Gravity Waves, Their Generation and Propagation, New York: Elsevier, 1975; Moscow: Mir, 1975.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hines, C.O. and Reddy, C.A., On the propagation of atmospheric gravity waves through regions of wind shear, J. Geophys. Res., 1967, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 1015–1034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ivanov, K.G. and Kharshiladze, A.F., Dynamics of solar activity and anomalous weather in summer 2010: 1. Sector boundaries: Anticyclone formation and destruction, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2011, vol. 51, no. 4. pp. 444–449.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Izhovkina, N.I., Particle energy fluxes in an unstable plasma with vortex structures in an inhomogeneous geomagnetic field in the topside ionosphere, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2010, vol. 50, no. 6. pp. 788–795.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Izhovkina, N.I., Plasma vortices in the ionosphere and atmosphere, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 2014, vol. 54, no. 6. pp. 802–812.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Izhovkina, N.I., Afonin, V.V., Karpachev, A.T., Prutenskii, I.S., and Pulinets, S.A., Structure of the ionospheric trough for different geomagnetic disturbance levels and the sources of plasma heating in the upper dayside ionosphere, Geomagn. Aeron. (Engl. Transl.), 1999, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 438–442.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Izhovkina, N.I., Erokhin, N.S., Mikhailovskaya, L.A., and Artekha, S.N., Features of the interaction of plasma vortices in the atmosphere and ionosphere, Sovrem. Probl. Distantsionnogo Zondirovaniya Zemli Kosmosa, 2015, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 106–116.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Izhovkina, N.I., Artekha, S.N., Erokhin, N.S., and Mikhailovskaya, L.A., Interaction of atmospheric plasma vortices, Pure Appl. Geophys., 2016, vol. 173, no. 8, pp. 2945–2957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kuznetsov, G.I. and Izhovkina, N.I., Two models of atmospheric aerosol, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Fiz. Atmos. Okeana, 1973, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 947–952.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Leary, L.A. and Ritchie, E.A., Lightning flash rates as an indicator of tropical cyclone genesis in the eastern North Pacific, Mon. Weather Rev., 2009, vol. 137, no. 10, pp. 3456–3470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Luchkov, B., Hurricanes: An eternal problem?, Nauka Zhizn’, 2006, no. 3, pp. 58–64.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mikhailovskaya, L.A., Erokhin, N.S., Krasnova, I.A., and Artekha S.N., Structural characteristics of electrical turbulence for the vertical profile of electric field with a strong splash, Sovrem. Probl. Distantsionnogo Zondirovaniya Zemli Kosmosa, 2014, vol. 11, no. 2. pp. 111–120.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mikhailovskii, A.V., Teoriya plazmennykh neustoichivostei (Theory of Plasma Instabilities), vol. 2: Neustoichivosti neodnorodnoi plazmy (Instabilities of Inhomogeneous Plasma), Moscow: Atomizdat, 1977.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Miroshnichenko, L.I., Solar Cosmic Rays, Dordrecht: Kluwer, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Monin, A.S., Theoretical Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Dordrecht: Springer, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Nezlin, M.V. and Chernikov, G.P., Analogy between drift vortices in plasma and geophysical hydrodynamics, Plasma Phys. Rep., 1995, vol. 21, no. 11. pp. 922–944.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Price, C., Asfur, M., and Yair, Y., Maximum hurricane intensity preceded by increase in lightning frequency, Nature Geosci., 2009, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 329–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pudovkin, M.I. and Raspopov, O.M., Mechanism of solar activity impact on the state of the lower atmosphere and meteorological parameters (review), Geomagn. Aeron., 1992, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1–22.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Roederer, J.G., Dynamics of Geomagnetically Trapped Radiation, Berlin: Springer, 1970; Moscow: Mir, 1972.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sinkevich, O.A., Maslov, S.A., and Gusein-zade, N.G., Role of electric discharges in the generation of atmospheric vortices, Plasma Phys. Rep., 2017, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 232–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Suslov, A.I., Erokhin, N.S., Mikhailovskaya, L.A., Artekha, S.N., and Gusev, A.A., Modeling the passage of large-scale internal gravitational waves from the troposphere to the ionosphere, Sovrem. Probl. Distantsionnogo Zondirovaniya Zemli Kosmosa, 2017, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 19–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Trefilova, A.V., Artamonova, V.S., Kuderina, T.M., Gubanova, D.P., Davydova, K.L., Iordanskii, M.A., Grechkov, E.I., and Minashkin, V.M., Chemical composition and microphysical characteristics of atmospheric aerosol over Moscow and its vicinity in June 2009 and during the fire peak of 2010, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2013, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 765–780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. I. Izhovkina
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. N. Artekha
    • 2
  • N. S. Erokhin
    • 2
    • 3
  • L. A. Mikhailovskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, Russian Academy of SciencesTroitsk, MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Peoples’ Friendship University of RussiaMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations