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Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 54, Issue 10, pp 1430–1448 | Cite as

Experimental Studies of Aerosols in the Atmosphere of Semiarid Landscapes of Kalmykia: 2. Landscape–Geochemical Composition of Aerosol Particles

  • D. P. GubanovaEmail author
  • T. M. KuderinaEmail author
  • O. G. ChkhetianiEmail author
  • M. A. IordanskiiEmail author
  • Yu. I. ObvintsevEmail author
  • M. S. ArtamonovaEmail author
Article

Abstract

The chemical composition of aerosol particles in the atmospheric surface layer of semiarid regions of Kalmykia is considered. Background landscapes of dry steppes, sandy massifs, and salt marshes have been studied using a landscape–geochemical approach. The results of long-term complex experimental studies (2002–2016) of the elemental composition of surface aerosols, the morphology and chemical composition of soils, and the elemental composition of aerosol particles in the atmospheric surface layer have been summarized. Soils have been confirmed to be the main sources of aerosol emission in semiarid regions. The accumulation of chemical elements in soils and aerosol particles has been estimated. The concentration clarks, aerosol-concentration coefficients, and local aerosol concentration have been calculated. The content of sulfur and some heavy metals in aerosols, which enter into the atmosphere by both removal from the underlying surface and from local anthropogenic sources, has been found to be high.

Keywords:

background landscapes soils sands dry steppe salt marshes aerosol particles chemical composition concentration clarks aerosol-concentration coefficients 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We are grateful to A.A. Khapaev, V.A. Lebedev, L.O. Maksimenkov, A.V. Kudikov, I.S. Filippov, V.K. Bandin, S.A. Kosyan, and B.A. Khartskhaev (Komsomol’skii) for assistance in arranging, supporting, and carrying out field studies of the geochemical composition of surface aerosol in the Republic of Kalmykia.

We are also grateful to researchers at the Laboratory of Soil Mineralogy and Micromorphology of the Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute for analytical studies of soils in Kalmykia.

This study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and RGO, project no. 17-05-41121 as well as the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, fundamental research program nos. 28 and 51.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Karpov Research Institute of Physical Chemistry, State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation, State Corporation RosatomMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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