Journal of Transatlantic Studies

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 368–386 | Cite as

Changing attitudes towards economic development and democracy in Brazil: Roberto Simonsen, Ernest Hambloch and the Brazilian Commercial Mission to the UK in 1919

  • Robert HowesEmail author


The visit of the Brazilian Commercial Mission to the UK in 1919 helped produce a change in mentalities following the First World War. The attitudes of British officials and business representatives reveal their priorities in attempting to reestablish Britain’s trading and financial position in Brazil amidst the emerging commercial rivalry of the USA. The visit influenced the thinking of the entrepreneur, Roberto Simonsen, who became Brazil’s leading proponent of state-led industrialisation. The British diplomat, Ernest Hambloch, later wrote His Majesty the President, a critical account of the workings of republican Brazil’s political system. The different views of these two participants illustrate the tension between development and democracy in twentieth century Brazilian history.


Brazil — history — twentieth century Anglo-Brazilian relations industrialisation parliamentary democracy Roberto Simonsen Ernest Hambloch 


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© Board of Transatlantic Studies 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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