Energy security and the transatlantic dimension: a view from Germany
The ‘Energiewende’ of 2011 is the dominant issue in German energy policy, and therefore energy security is almost solely linked to domestic developments. More specifically, the major and immediate concern is system stability in the electricity sector. Nonetheless, mid- and long-term challenges for energy security are identified in the oil and gas markets. Overall though, energy security is framed in commercial rather than strategic terms. Meanwhile, Russia’s reliability remains a mantra for German energy policy. In contrast, the transatlantic relationship with regard to energy security receives little attention in Germany, and the US path of energy policies is perceived as diverging significantly from the German trajectory.
KeywordsEnergiewende energy security German energy policy international energy relations transatlantic cooperation
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