International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 176–181 | Cite as

Short- and long-term benefits of promiscuity in the seven-spotted ladybird Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

  • Shefali Srivastava
  • OmkarEmail author


The effects on the reproductive responses and the offspring fitness in monogamous and promiscuous females of the seven-spotted ladybird Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus were studied. Reproductive responses were higher in monogamous and promiscuous females with unlimited mating than those subjected to limited mating. Monogamous females with unlimited mating recorded longer oviposition period and higher fecundity than those subjected to limited mating. Promiscuous females with multiple mating recorded the longest oviposition period, the highest fecundity and percentage egg viability (short-term benefits), and the shortest developmental period, maximum larval survival and adult emergence (long-term benefits).

Key words

Coccinella septempunctata ladybird mating monogamy promiscuity 


On a étudié les effets de la monogamie et de la polygamie des femelles de la coccinelle à sept points Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus sur la reproduction et sur le succès du développement de la descendance. La reproduction est meilleure chez les femelles monogames et polygames pouvant s’accoupler plusieurs fois par rapport à celles ne s’accouplant qu’une fois. Les femelles monogames s’accouplant plusieurs fois ont une plus longue période d’oviposition et une fécondité plus élevée que celles ne pouvant s’accoupler qu’une fois. Les femelles polygames ont une période reproductive plus longue, une fécondité et une fertilité plus élevées (bénéfices à courts termes), une durée de développement plus courte et une survie larvaire et un taux d’émergence des adultes maxima (bénéfices à longs termes).

Mots clés

Coccinella septempunctata coccinelle accouplement monogamy polygamy 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arnqvist G., Edvaardsson M., Friberg U. and Nilsson T. (2000) Sexual conflict promotes speciation in insects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 97, 10460–10464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bishop J. D. D. (1996) Female control of paternity in the internally fertilizing compound ascidian, Diplosoma listerianum. 1. Autoradiographic investigation of sperm movements in the female reproductive tract. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 263, 369–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boucher L. and Huignard J. (1987) Transfer of male secretions from the spermatophore to the female insect in Caryedon serratus (Ol): Analysis of the possible trophic role of these secretions. Journal of Insect Physiology 33, 949–957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clark A. G., Begun D. J. and Prout T. (1999) Female X male interactions in Drosophila sperm competition. Science 283, 217–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Daly M. (1978) The cost of mating. American Naturalist 112, 771–774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eberhard W. G. (1996) Female Control: Sexual Selection By Cryptic Female Choice. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey 492 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Eberhard W. G. and Cordero C. (1995) Sexual selection by cryptic female choice on male seminal products: A new bridge between sexual selection and reproductive physiology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10, 493–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Edverdasson M. and Arnqvist G. (2000) Copulatory courtship and cryptic female choice in red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 268, 531–539.Google Scholar
  9. Hellriegel B. and Bernasconi G. (2000) Female-mediated differential sperm storage in a fly, Scathophaga stercoraria with complex spermathecae. Animal Behaviour 59, 311–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hemptinne J. L., Lognay G. and Dixon A. F. G. (1998) Mate recognition in the two spotted ladybird beetle, Adalia bipunctata: Role of chemical and behavioural cues. Journal of Insect Physiology 44, 1163–1171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hodek I. and Ceryngier P. (2000) Sexual activity in Coccinellidae (Coleoptera): A review. European Journal of Entomology 97, 449–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hodek I. and Honek A. (1996) Ecology of Coccinellidae. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London. 464 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Huignard J. (1983) Transfer and fate of male secretions deposited in the spermatheca of female Acanthoscelides obtectus Say (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Journal of Insect Physiology 29, 55–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hurst G. D. D., Sharpe R. G., Broomfield A. H., Walker L. E., Majerus T. M. O., Zakharov I. A. and Majerus M. E. N. (1995) Sexually transmitted disease in a promiscuous insect, Adalia bipunctata. Ecological Entomology 20, 230–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ivy T. M., Johnson J. C. and Sakaluk S. K. (1999) Hydration benefits to courtship feeding in crickets. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 266, 1523–1527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jennion M. D. and Petrie M. (2000) Why do females mate multiply? A review of the genetic benefits. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 75, 21–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kraus F. B., Neumann P., Praagh J. V. and Moritz R. E. A. (2004) Sperm limitation and the evolution of extreme polyandry in honeybees (Apis mellifera L.). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 55, 494–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Majerus M. E. N. (1999) Spotting the darker side of ladybirds. Biologist 46, 109–113.Google Scholar
  19. Mishra G. (2004) Investigations on certain aspects of reproductive biology of an aphidophagous ladybeetle, Propylea dissecta (Mulsant). PhD thesis, University of Lucknow, India. 183 pp.Google Scholar
  20. MINITAB (2000) Minitab statistical software, Minitab release 13.2. Minitab Inc., Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  21. Obata S. (1987) Mating behaviour and sperm transfer in ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleopetra: Coccinellidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 22, 434–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Obata S. (1988) Mating refusal and its significance in females of the ladybird beetle, Harmonia axyridis. Physiological Entomology 13, 193–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Obata S. and Johki Y. (1991) Comparative study on copulatory behaviour in four species of aphidophagous ladybirds, pp. 207–212. In Ecology of Aphidophaga (Edited by L. Polgar, R. J. Chambers, A. F. G. Dixon and I. Hodek). Proceedings of the 4th Meeting of the IOBC Working Group, September 1990, Gödöllö, Hungary. SPB Academic Publishing.Google Scholar
  24. Oldroyd B. P., Clifton M. J., Wongsiri S., Rinderer T. E. and Crozier R. H. (1997) Polyandry in the genus Apis, Particularly. Apis andreniformis. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 40, 17–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Omkar and Srivastava S. (2002) The reproductive behaviour of an aphidophagous ladybird beetle, Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus. European Journal of Entomology 99, 465–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Opp S. B. and Prokopy R. J. (1986) Variation in laboratory oviposition by Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) in relation to mating status. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79, 705–710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Osawa N. (1994) The occurrence of multiple mating in a wild population of the ladybird beetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Journal of Ethology 12, 63–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Parker G. A. (1970) Sperm competition and the evolutionary consequences in the insects. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 45, 525–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pizzari T. and Birkhead T. R. (2000) Female feral fowl eject sperm from subdominant males. Nature 405, 787–789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Price C. S. C. (1997) Conspecific sperm precedence in Drosophila. Nature 388, 663–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ridley M. (1988) Mating frequency and fecundity in insects. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 63, 509–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sakaluk S. K., Schaus J. M., Eggert A. K., Snedden W. A. and Brady P. L. (2002) Polyandry and fitness of offspring reared under varying nutritional stress in decorated crickets. Evolution 56, 1999–2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Savalli U. M. and Fox C. W. (1999) The effect of male mating history on paternal investment, fecundity and female re-mating in the seed beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus. Functional Ecology 13, 169–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Simmons L. W. (1987) Female choice contributes to offspring fitness in the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus (De Geer). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 21, 313–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Simmons L. W. (2001) Sperm Competition and Its Evolutionary Consequences in the Insects. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 448 pp.Google Scholar
  36. Srivastava S. and Omkar (2004) Age specific mating and reproductive senescence in seven-spotted ladybird, Coccinella septempunctata. Journal of Applied Entomology 128, 452–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Thornhill R. and Alcock J. (1983) The Evolution of Insect Mating Systems. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 576 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tregenza T. and Wedell N. (1998) Benefits of multiple mates in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. Evolution 32, 1726–1730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tregenza T. and Wedell N. (2000) Genetic compatibility, mate choice and patterns of parentage. Molecular Ecology 9, 1013–1027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tregenza T. and Wedell N. (2002) Polyandrous females avoid costs of inbreeding. Nature 415, 71–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ueno H. (1994) Intraspecific variation of P2 value in a coccinellid beetle, Harmonia axyridis. Journal of Ethology 12, 169–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ueno H. (1996) Estimate of multiple insemination in a natural population of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology 31, 621–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Vahed K. (1998) The function of nuptial feeding in insects: A review of empirical studies. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 73, 43–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Walker W. E (1980) Sperm utilization strategies in nonsocial insects. American Naturalist 115, 780–799.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yasui Y. (1998) The “genetic benefits” of female multiple mating reconsidered. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 246–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zeh J. A. and Zeh D. W. (2001) Reproductive mode and genetic benefits of polyandry. Animal Behaviour 61, 1051–1063.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ladybird Research Laboratory, Department of ZoologyUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations