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Toxicity and antifeedant activity of crude seed extracts of Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) against lepidopteran pests and natural enemies

  • J. Audrey Leatemia
  • Murray B. IsmanEmail author
Article

Abstract

Toxicity and antifeedant activity of crude seed extracts of Annona squamosa (Magnoliales: Annonaceae) from Maluku, Indonesia, against the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) and the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) were determined using different bioassays. Aqueous seed extracts and an aqueous emulsion of ethanolic seed extracts were toxic to both species. Crude aqueous extract also deterred feeding of fourth-instar P. xylostella in a leaf disc choice bioassay. Toxicities of crude aqueous extracts to natural enemies, Chrysoperla cornea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Orius insidiosus (Say) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) were investigated using direct spray and residual contact tests. Chrysoperla cornea larvae were less susceptible to the extracts than were O. insidiosus adults.

Key words

Annona squamosa seed extracts botanical insecticide Plutella xylostella Trichoplusia ni Chrysoperla carnea Orius insidiosus 

Résumé

Les effets toxiques et antiappétants d’extraits bruts provenant des graines d’Annona squamosa, une plante originaire de Maluku en Indonésie, ont été évalués envers la fausse teigne des crucifères, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) et la fausse-arpenteuse du chou, Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) à l’aide de différents bioessais. Les extraits aqueux et une émulsion aqueuse dérivée d’un extrait éthanolique se sont avérés toxiques contre les deux espèces. Les extraits aqueux ont réduit le taux d’alimentation de P. xylostella au quatrième stade larvaire lors de bioessais avec choix de disques foliaires. La toxicité des extraits aqueux bruts envers deux ennemis naturels des espèces en question, Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) et Orius insidiosus (Say) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) a aussi été testé par applications directes et par contact résiduel. Les larves de C. carnae étaient moins sensibles aux extraits que l’étaient les adultes de O. insidiosus.

Mots clés

Annona squamosa extraits de graines insecticide d’origine végétale Plutella xylostella Trichoplusia ni Chrysoperla carnea Orius insidiosus 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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