Afterword to: ‘Networking hegemony—alliance dynamics in East Asia’


This afterword speaks to how the arguments in these papers for networking hegemony in East Asia relate to two aspects of Buzan’s work: the English School’s use of primary institutions as a way of understanding the structure of international society at both global and regional levels, and regional security complexes.

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    Even by the hypocritical standards of international relations, there is an unusually wide gap between China’s foreign policy rhetoric of peaceful rise/development, win–win, harmonious relations, common destiny, etc., and its foreign policy practice of unilateralism, bullying, coercion and divide-and-rule tactics, often accompanied by prickly and thin-skinned rhetorical responses to supposed ‘insults to the Chinese people’. China tries to suggest that it would be a more benign great power than the USA, and other Western powers before that, but its practices suggest that it would be at least as ruthless, self-centred, and demanding of submission, as any other great power, and this is what frightens its neighbours.


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Correspondence to Barry Buzan.

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Buzan, B. Afterword to: ‘Networking hegemony—alliance dynamics in East Asia’. Int Polit 57, 285–289 (2020).

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  • East Asia
  • International society
  • Regional security complexes
  • Primary institutions
  • Buzan