Lobbying regulation in the states revisited: What are we trying to measure, and how do we measure it?
The states regulate lobbying based on how they define lobbyists and interest groups, by requiring reporting and disclosure of certain activities, and by prohibiting a number of activities between lobbyists and government officials. These laws are designed to provide accountability and to alter certain political behaviors. For decades, scholars have studied these laws, while a number of good government groups have created their own measures assessing lobby regulations. The result is a multitude of measures that often assess very different constructs. This article creates an updated measure of lobbying regulation and compares this measure to previous and current, alternative measures.
KeywordsLobbyists Lobbying regulation in the US states Interest groups
I would like to thank my former graduate assistant, Sarah Smithers, for her assistance with data collection and coding. I would also like to thank Tim LaPira, Thomas Holyoke, Beth Leech, the anonymous reviewers, and editorial staff of Interest Groups & Advocacy for their comments on this manuscript.
- Holman, Craig. 2008. Lobbying reform in the United States and the European Union: Progress on two continents. In Interest groups and lobbying: Volume one-the United States, and comparative studies, ed. Conor McGrath. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellon Press.Google Scholar
- Hogan, John, Gary Murphy, and Raj Chari. 2008. Next door they have regulation. But not here: Assessing the opinions of actors in the opaque world of unregulated lobbying. Canadian Political Science Review 2: 125–151.Google Scholar
- Mihut, Liliana. 2008. Lobbying in the United States and the European Union: New developments in lobbying regulation. Romanian Journal of European Affairs 8: 5–17.Google Scholar
- Price, Justin. 2015. In Arizona, lobbyists disclose spending; you just don’t know on whom. http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/arizona/politics/2015/11/23/arizona-lobbying-records-little-disclosure/76068724/.
- Rohlfing, Margaret. 2015. Developments in Campaign Finance, Lobbying and Ethics Laws. May 29, 2015. http://www.politicallawbriefing.com/2015/05/virginia-tightens-the-reins-major-lobbying-and-gift-law-changes-to-take-effect-in-2016/.
- Rosenson, Beth. 2005. The shadowlands of conduct. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
- Strickland, James Manning. 2014. Disentangling the effects of lobbying laws on interest group registrations in the American states, 1988–2013. July 18, 2014. https://ssrn.com/abstract=2467944.