, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 608–613 | Cite as

China in Africa: A call for Makumism in Africa’s development

  • Ibrahim Farah
  • Valentine Opanga
  • Sekou Toure
  • Sarah Ninga
Local/Global Encounters


This article raises more questions than answers. For example, who benefits from the relations between Africa and China? Is the relationship between China and Africa all about business or is it about renewed superpower rivalries? Technically speaking, the scramble for Africa’s resources—be it by the Chinese or others—is business. But, there is also need to question whether it is altruistic as in supporting Africa’s development or merely acquiring its resources. Finally, the article calls for Makumism—or looking outside from inside—as a framework for analysis of this complex relationship ‘model’ as it emphasizes the need to focus on a two-way, mutually beneficial relationship.


China–Africa FOCAC Look East’ 


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Copyright information

© Society for International Development 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim Farah
    • 1
  • Valentine Opanga
    • 1
  • Sekou Toure
    • 1
  • Sarah Ninga
    • 1
  1. 1.NairobiKenya

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