Group leader emotional intelligence and group performance: a multilevel perspective

Abstract

Drawing from the IPO (Input–Process–Output) model, this study adopted a multilevel framework to investigate the dynamic mediating mechanisms that link group leader emotional intelligence (EI) with group performance. Based on a sample of 64 group leaders and 194 group members, this research applied multilevel structural equation modeling (SEM) and explored two mechanisms, namely group cohesion at the group level and person–group fit at the individual level in the relationship. Results revealed that group leader EI could improve group performance through enhancing group-level cohesion. At the individual level, it showed that group leader EI positively affected P-G fit. The paper utilized and expanded the IPO framework to explain the relationship between group leader EI and group performance from a multilevel perspective. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.

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Funding

This work was supported by General Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71972065), Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 71802077; 71602163); and Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (Grant No. 2019JJ50059).

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Appendix

Appendix

See Tables 3 and 4.

Table 3 Demographic information of group, leader and member
Table 4 Standardized factor loadings for the measurement model

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Zhang, Y., Zhang, L., Zhu, J. et al. Group leader emotional intelligence and group performance: a multilevel perspective. Asian Bus Manage (2020). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41291-020-00123-1

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Keywords

  • Leadership
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Group performance
  • Group cohesion
  • Person–group fit
  • Multilevel SEM analysis