The lingering Boko Haram terrorism deserves investigation to determine whether external intervention is needed under the principle of responsibility to protect. In the application of responsibility to protect, the principal challenges have been how to respond, when to respond, and who has the authority to initiate response, especially when the protection of people at risk falls outside one’s territory. The possible application of the principle in conflict situations, as argued by many authors, is hindered by the concept of national sovereignty. Given the seeming inability of the Nigerian government to curb terrorism, here we raised the questions: should the international community intervene, what approach should be adopted, and how can the intervention be conducted without compromising Nigeria’s sovereignty? Using a qualitative methodology and the collection of primary data through documentary evidence, we highlight the failure of the Nigerian government to protect the people of Northeast Nigeria from Boko Haram and suggest that external intervention has become necessary.
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The six Northeast states of Nigeria are Adamawa, Bauchi, Gombe, Borno, Taraba and Yobe.
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This research was supported by the Philosophical faculty, University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.
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Ekumaoko, C.E., Ezemenaka, K.E. Responsibility to protect: external intervention on Boko Haram terrorism in Nigeria. Secur J 33, 493–513 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41284-020-00239-1
- Responsibility to protect
- Boko Haram
- Ethnic cleansing