Intelligent Buildings or Building Automation and Control Systems (BACS) are becoming common in buildings, driven by the commercial need for functionality, sharing of information, reduced costs and sustainable buildings. The facility manager often has BACS responsibility; however, their focus is generally not on BACS security. Nevertheless, if a BACS-manifested threat is realised, the impact to a building can be significant, through denial, loss or manipulation of the building and its services, resulting in loss of information or occupancy. Therefore, this study garnered a descriptive understanding of security and facility professionals’ knowledge of BACS, including vulnerabilities and mitigation practices. Results indicate that the majority of security and facility professionals hold a general awareness of BACS security issues, although they lacked a robust understanding to meet necessary protection. For instance, understanding of 23 BACS vulnerabilities were found to be equally critical with limited variance. Mitigation strategies were no better, with respondents indicating poor threat diagnosis. In contrast, cybersecurity and technical security professionals such as integrators or security engineering design professionals displayed a robust understanding of BACS vulnerabilities and resulting mitigation strategies. Findings support the need for greater awareness for both security management and facility professionals of BACS vulnerabilities and mitigation strategies.
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This article was made possible by research funding and membership participation from the ASIS Foundation, the Security Industry Association (SIA), and the Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA). The research Report: Brooks, D. J., Coole, M., Haskell-Dowland, P., Griffith, M., & Lockhart, N. (2018b). Building automation & control systems: An investigation into vulnerabilities, current practice & security management best practice.
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Brooks, D.J., Coole, M. & Haskell-Dowland, P. Intelligent building systems: security and facility professionals’ understanding of system threats, vulnerabilities and mitigation practice. Secur J 33, 244–265 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41284-019-00183-9