Are Latinx youth getting in the game? The effects of gender, class, ethnicity, and language on Latinx youth sport participation

¿Juega en el partido la juventud latina? Los efectos de género, clase, etnicidad e idioma en la participación deportiva de la juventud latina

Abstract

Within the United States, sport has historically been a site for public struggles about equality. Despite the benefits of athletics, US Latinx youth (especially teenage girls) are less likely than other ethnoracial groups to participate in sports. Previous research has shown that gender, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and language affect sport participation. This study examines those influences on Latinx sport involvement and explores how those factors differ for boys and for girls. Data on sport participation was collected for a subset of eighth and tenth graders (n = 15,766) that participated in the Monitoring the Future study. Regression analysis shows that boys were more likely than girls to play sports and that the influence of socioeconomic status was slightly stronger among girls. Sport participation was higher in native-English-speaking girls than among girls who learned English as a second language. These findings have implications for professionals who work with Latinx adolescents.

Resumen

El deporte en los Estados Unidos ha sido históricamente un lugar donde se libran luchas públicas por la igualdad. A pesar de los beneficios ofrecidos por los deportes, la juventud latina en los estados Unidos (sobre todo las niñas adolescentes) tiene menos probabilidades de participar que otros grupos etnorraciales. Las investigaciones anteriores han demostrado que el género, la condición socioeconómica, la etnicidad y el idioma afectan la participación en los deportes. Este estudio examina las influencias sobre la participación deportiva latina y explora cómo dichos factores son diferentes para niñas y niños. Se recopilaron datos sobre la participación deportiva para un subconjunto de estudiantes de octavo y décimo grado (n = 15,766) que formaron parte del estudio llamado “Monitoring the Future.” Un análisis de regresión muestra que los varones tenían mayores probabilidades que las niñas de participar en deportes y que la influencia de la condición socioeconómica fue levemente mayor entre las niñas. La participación deportiva fue mayor en las niñas cuya lengua materna era el inglés en comparación con la de las niñas que aprendieron inglés como segundo idioma. Estos hallazgos tienen implicaciones importantes para los profesionales que trabajan con adolescentes latinos.

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Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    The term Latinx is used an effort to be inclusive of all possible genders (Torres 2018).

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McGovern, J. Are Latinx youth getting in the game? The effects of gender, class, ethnicity, and language on Latinx youth sport participation. Lat Stud (2021). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41276-021-00307-6

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Keywords

  • Sport
  • Youth
  • Latinx
  • Adolescence

Palabras clave

  • Deportes
  • Jóvenes/Juventud
  • Latinx/Latina
  • Adolescencia