Richard Gartner: Understanding the Sexual Betrayal of Boys and Men. The Trauma of Sexual Abuse; and Healing Sexually Betrayed Men and Boys. Treatment for Sexual Abuse, Assault and Trauma
Gartner (1999) stresses that males also suffer sexual abuse, even if less frequently than females. The reported frequency, however, is lower than the real one for cultural reasons. For example, if a boy has sexual contact with an adult woman, the prevailing culture tends to consider this experience not as violence, but as an initiation. The frequency of abuse endured by males is, therefore, underestimated in statistics (Bacciagaluppi, 2012, p. 156).
This comment is quite correct but does not pay full tribute to the importance of Gartner’s work.
As we know, after having acknowledged the reality of sexual trauma in his early work, Freud denied it in 1897, and this denial became a cornerstone of the official psychoanalytic ideology. When Ferenczi validated the reality of...
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