Response from Stroup and Wong
We appreciate the opportunity to respond to the thoughtful comments on The Authority Trap from three researchers committed to excellent and innovative scholarship on international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and transnational activism. Clifford Bob, Mette Eilstrup-Sangiovanni, and Jennifer Hadden each raise important questions about the methodology, causal claims, and implications of our argument. Our goals for the book were to conceptualize and measure authority across INGOs and demonstrate how authority can both enable and constrain political activity. We also sought to unify discussions of INGOs across different sectors. Below, we briefly discuss the origins of our argument before addressing four concerns raised by the reviewers: becoming a leading INGO, measuring authority, the drivers of INGO strategic choices, and the influence of INGOs.
Our initial interest in this project arose from debates about the power of INGOs in global politics. As the others in this forum have...
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