IMF Economic Review

, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 694–731 | Cite as

Effects of Fiscal Consolidations in Latin America

  • André DinizEmail author
Research Article


We use data on structural primary balances for Latin America to estimate effects of fiscal consolidations. Identification relies on a doubly robust estimator that controls for the endogeneity of fiscal policy using inverse probability weighting. Results suggest a negative multiplier on impact, with the economy starting to recover from the second year on and expanding after 5 years. Revenue-based adjustments are more contractionary on impact than expenditure-based adjustments. Among demand components, we find consumption to be generally less responsive to consolidations than investment. Results also depend on the initial levels of debt and taxation. In comparison with OECD evidence, Latin American countries display larger, but stop-and-go consolidations, with state-dependent long-run multipliers.

Jel Classification

E62 H6 

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (rar 14 KB)
41308_2018_69_MOESM2_ESM.dta (594 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (dta 595 KB)


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Copyright information

© International Monetary Fund 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.São Paulo School of Economics—Fundacao Getulio VargasSão PauloBrazil

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