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Perception of police legitimacy among private security officers

  • Seung Yeop Paek
  • Mahesh K. Nalla
  • Julak LeeEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

The private security market is growing around the world, and public police are no longer the predominant agents of order maintenance and crime prevention. This development has important implications as different policing agents come in contact with each other. Specifically, understanding how they view each other can help increase the benefits of today’s paradigm of security governance. Despite abundant research on citizen perceptions of police, few studies explore private security officers’ opinions about their public counterparts. Therefore, this research explores private security officers’ perceptions of the police in South Korea. Results show that the respondents’ attitudes toward police performance and distributive and procedural justice have varying influences on the three dimensions of police legitimacy: Obligation to obey, trust, and normative alignment. Additionally, the authors suggest the police should understand that private security officers’ perceptions of police legitimacy are influenced by distinct factors depending on contact experience and employment type.

Keywords

Private security industry Nodal governance of security South Korea Police legitimacy Public–private cooperation in policing 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Criminal JusticeState University of New York at OswegoOswegoUSA
  2. 2.School of Criminal JusticeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of Security ManagementKyonggi UniversitySuwon-SiSouth Korea

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