Understanding the role of parenting in developing radical beliefs: Lessons learned from Indonesia

  • Yulina Eva RianyEmail author
  • Divna Haslam
  • Najahan Musyafak
  • Jauharotul Farida
  • Syamsul Ma’arif
  • Matthew Sanders
Original Article


Prior research suggests that family-related factors may be associated with a predisposition towards radicalism. This qualitative study aims to investigate if parents who are former members of an extremist organisation and parents from typical Islamic communities in Indonesia differ in their perceptions about the role of parenting in contributing to preventing their families from radicalisation. Using focus group methodology, the current study (N = 27) compared two groups (Group 1 consisted 7 former extremists and Group 2 consisted of 20 parents from moderate Islamic communities in Indonesia) to assess their beliefs about the role of parenting in the development of radical ideology. Three aspects were investigated: (a) Perceptions about parenting, parenting values and beliefs, (b) Perceptions of radicalisation, including associated factors to radicalisation and extremism, and (c) Parenting roles to develop or prevent children from radicalisation. Implications of the key findings for the prevention of radicalism are discussed in this study.


Parenting Radicalism Extremism Indonesia Culture 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that all of us have no conflict of interest.

Disclosure statement

The Parenting and Family Support Centre is partly funded by royalties stemming from published resources of the Triple P – Positive Parenting Program, which is developed and owned by The University of Queensland (UQ). Royalties are also distributed to the Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences at UQ and contributory authors of published Triple P resources. Triple P International (TPI) Pty Ltd is a private company licensed by Uniquest Pty Ltd on behalf of UQ, to publish and disseminate Triple P worldwide. The authors of this report have no share or ownership of TPI. Dr Riany received/may in future receive consultancy fees from TPI. TPI had no involvement in the study design, collection, analysis or interpretation of data, or writing of this report. Drs Riany and Haslam are employees of The University of Queensland. Prof Sanders is a founder of Triple P and Director of Parenting and Family Support Centre, The University of Queensland, Australia. Drs Musyafak, Farida, and Maarif have no disclosure to report.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yulina Eva Riany
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Divna Haslam
    • 1
  • Najahan Musyafak
    • 3
  • Jauharotul Farida
    • 3
  • Syamsul Ma’arif
    • 3
  • Matthew Sanders
    • 1
  1. 1.Parenting and Family Support CentreThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Family and Consumer SciencesBogor Agricultural UniversityBogorIndonesia
  3. 3.The State Islamic University of WalisongoSemarangIndonesia

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