Impact of megaships on the performance of port container terminals
- 11 Downloads
Following the advent of megaships, the performance requirements of container terminals have increased significantly, highlighting necessary changes in their layout, infrastructure, and equipment. We focus on the impact of megaships on a terminal within the port network of the Italian Region of Liguria, in terms of its ability to manage the flow of imports from arrival to inland destinations. We use discrete event simulation techniques to analyze the operations of a terminal and evaluate the relevant performance indices in different scenarios, which vary as a function of the “call size” of the larger containerships. The possibility of guaranteeing a more balanced modal split (favoring rail transport) for the inland distribution of containers is also evaluated. Dwell times at the yard and turnaround times at the berth are considered, with the objective of achieving a modal split of inland transport consisting of no less than 40% rail. Our results show that this objective can be achieved if a higher dwell time for outgoing containers is allowed.
KeywordsLogistics Maritime container terminal Discrete event simulation Performance indices Megaships
This work has been partially supported by the PRIN 2015 Project: “Smart PORt Terminals – SPORT: Gate Operations and inland forwarding,” funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research. We are most grateful to the MEL reviewers for their exceptionally detailed and in-depth work, and for their useful comments which allowed significant improvement in the quality of this paper.
- Bielli, M., A. Boulmakoul, and M. Rida. 2006. Object oriented model for container terminal distributed simulation. European Journal of Operational Research 144 (1): 83–107.Google Scholar
- Carlo, H., I. Vis, and K. Roddbergen. 2013. Seaside operations in container terminals: Literature overview, trends, and research directions. Journal of Production Research 49: 6199–6226.Google Scholar
- http://www.apmterminals.com/. Accessed Jan 2018.
- https://www.portsofgenoa.com/it/terminal-merci/containers/vado.html. Accessed Jan 2018.
- Lanner Group Ltd. 2017. Witness. Discrete event simulation with VR available on desktop and cloud. Henley-in-Arden: Lanner Group Ltd.Google Scholar
- Law, A.M. 2007. Simulation modelling and analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Maibach M., C. Schreyer, D. Sutter, H.P. van Essen, B.H. Boon, R. Smokers, A. Schroten, C. Doll, B. Pawlowska, and M. Bak. 2008 Handbook on estimation of external costs in the transport sector, Internalisation Measures and Policies for All External Cost of Transport. IMPACT Project, Version 1.1, European Commission DG TREN, CE Delft, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
- OECD/ITF 2015. The Impact of Mega-Ships, Case-Specific Policy Analysis.Google Scholar
- Waller A. 2012. Witness Simulation Software. Proceedings of the 2012 Winter Simulation Conference C. Laroque, J. Himmelspach, R. Pasupathy, O. Rose, and A.M. Uhrmacher, eds.Google Scholar