Attachment characteristics of normal human cells and virus-infected cells on microcarriers
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The attachment kinetics of normal and virus-infected LuMA cells were studied to improve the production of live attenuated varicella viruses in human embryonic lung (LuMA) cells. Normal LuMA cells and LuMA cells infected by varicella virus at various cytopathic effects (CPE) were grown on microcarriers. Ninety-three percent of suspended LuMA cells attached to the solid surface microcarriers within fifteen minutes and cell viability was greater than 95% when the cell suspension was stirred. Low serum levels did not affect the attachment rate of virus-infected cells in the microcarrier culture system. Kinetic studies showed that varicella infected cells had a lower attachment rate than normal LuMA cells. Virus inoculum (= infected cells) at low CPE showed a relatively better attachment rate on cell-laden microcarriers than virus inoculum at a higher CPE. Maximum titers were obtained at 2 days post-infection. Based on cell densities, the use of viral inoculum showing a 40% CPE led to an approximately 2- and 1.2-fold increase in the cell associated and in cell free viruses, respectively, than a virus inoculum with a CPE of 10%.However, the ratio of cell-free to cell-associated virus in a microcarrier culture was very low, approximately0.04–0.06. These studies demonstrate that the virus inoculum resulting in a high CPE yielded a high production of cell-associated and cell-free virus in microcarrier cultures because of the high cellular affinity of the varicella virus.
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