Analysis of the ammonia metabolism of rat primary hepatocytes and a human hepatocyte cell line Huh 7
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Ammonia metabolism of ratprimary hepatocytes and a human hepatocyte cell line,Huh 7, at different concentrations of glutamine,glucose and ammonia was examined. During theincubation of the primary hepatocyte cells, glutamineand ammonia concentrations decreased, that of ureaincreased, and that of glucose remained the same. Inthe case of Huh 7 cells, glucose was consumed rapidly,the concentration of ammonia increased and that of urearemained the same. The major energy sources amongmedium components were glutamine for the primary cellsand glucose for Huh 7 cells, although the primaryhepatocytes may utilize intracellular glycogen asenergy source. As the glutamine concentration in theincubation medium increased, the specific rates of notonly glutamine consumption, but also ammonia productionby the primary cells and Huh 7 cells increased. Besides, specific urea production rate by the primarycells increased then. Increase of glucoseconcentration had no effect on glutamine and ammoniametabolism by both cells, although it increased glucoseconsumption by Huh 7 cells. The incubation of theprimary cells with higher ammonia concentrationincreased all specific rates of glutamine consumption,ammonia consumption and urea production. An increasein the ammonia concentration to 5 mM changed theammonia metabolism from production to consumption andincreased the specific glucose consumption rate. Consequently, increases in the glutamine and ammoniaconcentrations were revealed to have negative andpositive effects, respectively, on decreasing ammoniaconcentration by both of rat primary hepatocytes andHuh 7 cells.
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