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Cytotechnology

, 31:95 | Cite as

Effects of DNA on immunoglobulin production stimulating activity of alcohol dehydrogenase

  • Takeaki Okamoto
  • Hiroshi Furutani
  • Takeshi Sasaki
  • Takuya Sugahara
Article

Abstract

Alcohol dehydrogenase-I (ADH-I) derived from horse liver stimulated IgM production by human-human hybridoma, HB4C5 cells and lymphocytes. The IPSF activity of ADH-I was suppressed by coexistence of short DNA whose chain length is less than 200 base pairs (bp) and fibrous DNA in a dose-dependent manner. These DNA preparations completely inhibited the IPSF activity at the concentration of 250 μg/ml and 1.0 mg/ml, respectively. DNA sample termed long DNA whose average chain length is 400–7000 bp slightly stimulated IPSF activity at 0.06 μg/ml. However, long DNA suppressed IPSF activity by half at 1.0 mg/ml. The laser confocal microscopic analysis had revealed that ADH-I was incorporated by HB4C5 cells. The uptake of ADH-I was strongly inhibited by short DNA and fibrous DNA. However, long DNA did not suppress the internalization of ADH-I into HB4C5 cells. These findings indicate that short DNA and fibrous DNA depress IPSF activity of ADH-I by inhibiting the internalization of this enzyme. According to the gel-filtration analysis using HPLC, ADH-I did not directly interact with short DNA. It is expected from these findings that short DNA influences HB4C5 cells to suppress the internalization of ADH-I. Moreover, these facts also strongly suggest that ADH-I acts as IPSF after internalization into the cell.

alcohol dehydrogenase-I deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) human-human hybridoma immunoglobulin production stimulating factor (IPSF) serum-free culture 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takeaki Okamoto
  • Hiroshi Furutani
  • Takeshi Sasaki
  • Takuya Sugahara

There are no affiliations available

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