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Characterization of Greek populations of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and their evaluation using a new parameter

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Abstract

Using data from four environments of a two-year experiment, a collection of 55 Greek faba bean populations wascharacterized on the basis of ten morphological and ten agronomical traits. The collection can be described ashaving flowers with medium intensity of streaks on standard petal, two to three flowers per inflorescence, leaveswith six leaflets per leaf, sub-elliptic leaflet shape and small or medium leaflet size. The stems had weak ormedium pigmentation at flowering time, were of low or medium thickness, had medium height and mediumbranching from basal nodes and high resistance to lodging. Pods were mainly basal with pendent attitude, flattenedin shape, had dark colour at maturity and were small with few ovules and seeds. Most seeds had testa of light greencolour. This characterization makes the present collection similar to other South European faba bean populations.Apart from characterization, collections should also be evaluated from the breeding point of view. Since themost desirable populations within a collection are those with valuable but 'low frequency' levels of traits, theparameter R (rareness) was proposed. For each trait, a partial rareness (R ) parameter is calculated using only ithose trait levels that can be considered as having 'low frequency'. The parameter R is the sum of the 'partialrarenesses'. Populations with high frequencies of the 'lowest frequency' levels of traits in the collection arecharacterized by high values of R and can, therefore, be more easily identified.

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Correspondence to P.J. Kaltsikes.

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Terzopoulos, P., Kaltsikes, P. & Bebeli, P. Characterization of Greek populations of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and their evaluation using a new parameter. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 51, 655–662 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:GRES.0000024654.89373.c2

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Keywords

  • Flowering Time
  • Agronomical Trait
  • Faba Bean
  • Medium Thickness
  • Basal Node