Advertisement

Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry

, Volume 75, Issue 9, pp 1394–1398 | Cite as

Preparation of Globular Zirconium(IV) Hydroxide by Sol-Gel Process

  • L. M. Sharygin
Article

Abstract

The sol-gel process of the preparation of globular zirconium(IV) hydroxide is described, which involves formation of zirconium(IV) hydroxide sol by electrolysis of zirconium(IV) chloride solution in a one-compartment cell to a Cl/Zr atomic ratio of less than 0.6, gelation of sol droplets in aqueous ammonia, treatment of gel spheres to remove electrolytes, and drying.

Keywords

Chloride Ammonia Zirconium Hydroxide Chloride Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Amphlett, C.B., Inorganic Ion Exchangers, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blumenthal, W.B., The Chemical Behavior of Zirconium, New York: Van Nostrand, 1958.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boichinova, E.S., in Ionnyi obmen i ionometriya (Ion Exchange and Ionometry), Leningrad: Leningr. Gos. Univ., 1984, issue 4, pp. 76-82.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Clearfield, A., Nancollas, G.H., and Blessing, R.K., Ion Exch. Solvent Extr., 1973, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-120.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Strekalovskii, V.N., Polezhaev, Yu.M., and Pal'guev, S.F., Oksidy s primesnoi razuporyadochennost'yu (Oxides with Impurity Disordering), Moscow: Nauka, 1987.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Physical and Chemical Aspects of Adsorbents and Catalysts, Linsen, B.G., Ed., London: Academic, 1970. Transolated under the title Stroenie i svoistva adsorbentov i katalizatorov, Moscow: Mir, 1973, pp. 332-384.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Makarov, V.M., Skotnikov, A.S., Zhiboedov, V.G., et al., Radiokhimiya, 1976, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 773-783.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pospelov, A.A., Krylov, V.N., Rakov, N.A., et al., in Khimiya i tekhnologiya neorganicheskikh sorbentov (Chemistry and Technology of Inorganic Sorbents), Perm: Perm. Politekh. Inst., 1979, pp. 85-91.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sharygin, L.M., Gonchar, V.F., and Moiseev, V.E., in Ionnyi obmen i ionometriya (Ion Exchange and Ionometry), Leningrad: Leningr. Gos. Univ., 1986, issue 5, pp. 9-29.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vol'khin, V.V., in Ionnyi obmen i ionometriya (Ion Exchange and Ionometry), Leningrad: Leningr. Gos. Univ., 1996, issue 9, pp. 3-23.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sharygin, L.M., Shtin, A.P., Tret'yakov, S.Ya., et al., Kolloidn. Zh., 1981, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 812-816.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Karpachev, L.G., Belenok, T.M., and Mityakin, P.L., Sib. Khim. Zh., 1992, no. 4, pp. 100-104.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ermakov, A.N., Marov, I.N., and Belyaeva, V.K., Zh. Neorg. Khim., 1963, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1623-1633.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Solovkin, A.S., and Tsvetkova, Z.N., Usp. Khim., 1962, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1394-1409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Clearfield, A. and Vaughan, P.A., Acta Crystallogr., 1956, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 555-558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Muha, G.H., and Vaughan, P.A., J. Chem. Phys., 1960, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 194-199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Burkov, K.D., Kozhevnikova, G.V., Lilich, L.S., et al., Zh. Neorg. Khim., 1982, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1427-1432.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sharygin, L.M., Galkin, V.M., Vovk, S.M., et al., Kolloidn. Zh., 1985, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 120-125.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fedot'ev, N.P., Alabyshev, A.F., Rotinyan, A.L., et al., Prikladnaya elektrokhimiya: Uchebnoe posobie (Applied Electrochemistry: Textbook), Fedot'ev, N.P., Ed., Leningrad: Goskhimizdat, 1962.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sharygin, L.M., Korenkova, A.V., Shtin, A.P., et al., Zh. Prikl. Khim., 1985, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 1771-1776.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Neimark, N.E., Usp. Khim., 1956, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 748-764.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sharygin, L.M., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1979, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 703-709.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Avvakumov, V.G., Mekhanicheskie metody aktivatsii khimicheskikh protsessov (Mechanical Activation of Chemical Processes), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1979.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sharygin, L.M., Galkin, V.M., and Shtin, A.P., Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater., 1979, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 2051-2054.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sharygin, L.M. and Galkin, V.M., Adsorb. Adsorb. (Kiev), 1983, no. 11, pp. 40 344.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. M. Sharygin
    • 1
  1. 1.Termoksid Production and Research CompanyZarechnyi, Sverdlovsk oblastRussia

Personalised recommendations