Pharmacy World and Science

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 154–161 | Cite as

Patient oriented activities in Dutch community pharmacy: diffusion of innovations

  • Miranda C.M. PronkEmail author
  • Lyda Th.G. Blom
  • Albert Bakker
  • Kees J. de Blaey
  • Ruud Jonkers
  • Everett M. Rogers


Objectives: To explore the implementation of patient oriented activities, the perception of an innovation aimed at implementation of patient education and the preconditions for implementation of this innovation among Dutch pharmacists.Method: A survey, based on Rogers' theory of diffusion of innovations, was carried out among a random sample (n = 300) of Dutch managing pharmacists.Main outcome measures: Reported activities regarding patient education, medication surveillance and drug therapy meetings, as well as perception of the innovation and its perceived compatibility with pharmacy practice.Results: The response rate was 49.3%. Hundred (84.7%) respondents reported to provide extra written and verbal information with first prescription medication. Medication surveillance (100% check by computer, and check of the lists by the pharmacist) was reported by 43 (36.4%), and complete participation in drug therapy meetings was reported by 57 (48.3%) respondents. Observability (of results to others) of the new strategy was perceived as important by 90 (77.6%), compatibility (perceived consistency with existing values, past experiences and needs of potential adopters) by 87 (76.4%) and trialability (degree to which an innovation may be experimented with) by 81 (69.8%) respondents. Relative advantages (perception of the innovation as being better) and complexity (relatively difficult to understand and use) of the innovation were perceived as important by less respondents. The preconditions that were met by most pharmacists were 'financial resources' (n = 70; 59.8%), 'enough workspace' (n = 61; 53.1%) and 'enough time' (n = 58; 50%). Fifty-eight (49.2%) respondents intend to adopt the innovation, but this intention would be higher when more time and money and technicians are available, as well as less situations that are experienced as barriers (rush hours, lack of support, illness of employees).Conclusion: Based on the definitions used, we conclude that the implementation of medication surveillance and drug therapy meetings is relatively low compared to patient education. The development of an implementation tool is justified, but should deal with the experienced preconditions, barriers and needs of pharmacists. Combined, comprehensive pharmacy interventions promise to be a good way to change pharmacy practice.

Community pharmacy Diclofenac Health services research Mystery shoppers Patient counseling New Zealand Non prescription drug Non-steroidal antiinflammatory agent Vagina candidiasis 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miranda C.M. Pronk
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lyda Th.G. Blom
    • 1
  • Albert Bakker
    • 1
  • Kees J. de Blaey
    • 1
  • Ruud Jonkers
    • 2
  • Everett M. Rogers
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacotherapy, Utrecht Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (UIPS)Utrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.ResConHaarlemThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Communication & JournalismUniversity of New MexicoUSA

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