Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 32, Issue 21, pp 5679–5685 | Cite as

Synthesis of the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ superconductor following a polymer matrix route

  • J. I PENA
  • C DIEZ
  • M. T RUIZ


This paper presents a convenient polymer matrix synthesis route based on the use of metal acetates, which yields Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (2212 phase) with a Tc higher than 93 K, in air and within a short sintering time (6–12 h) at 855°C. The phase quality of the intermediate and final products has been analysed by powder X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive spectroscopy. Macroscopic superconducting characteristics have been determined by alternating-current magnetic susceptibility and direct-current magnetization. The results obtained on a large number of samples suggest that this preparation route is highly reproducible and leads to black-grained powders with excellent homogeneity within a relatively short processing time. The usefulness of these powders to obtain textured superconducting products has been explored and representative results are presented here.


Critical Current Density Sinter Time CaCu High Critical Temperature Transport Critical Current Density 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C. MICHEL, M. HERVIEU, M. BOREL, A. GRANDIN, F. DESLANDES, J. PROVOST and B. RAVEAU, Z. Phys. B. 68 (1987) 421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. MAEDA, Y. TANAKA, M. FUKUTOMI and T. ASANO, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 27 (1988) L209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. MAJEWSKI, Adv. Mater. 6 (1994) 460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. MAJEWSKI, H. L. SU and B. HETTICH, Adv. Mater. 4 (1992) 508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. BELTRÁN, M. T. CALDÉS, R. IBÁÑEZ, E. MARTÍNEZ, E. ESCRIBÁ, A. BELTRÁN, A. SEGURA, V. MUÑOZ and J. MARTÍNEZ, J. Less-Common Metals 150 (1989) 247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. C. SINCLAIR, J. T. S. IRVINE and A. R. WEST, J. Mater. Chem. 2 (1992) 579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. KAMBE, T. MATSUOKA, T. TAKAHASHI and M. KAWAI, Phys. Rev. B 42 (1990) 2669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. H. WANG, C. M. WANG, H. C. KAI, D. C. LING, H. C. KU and K. H. LU, Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 28 (1989) L1505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. K. AGARWAL, V. P. S. AWANA, V. N. MOORTHY, P. MARUTHI KUMAR, B. V. KUMARASWAMY, C. V. NARASIMHA RAO and A. V. NARLIKAR, Physica C 160 (1989) 278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. C. BHARGAVA, A. SEQUEIRA, J. S. CHAKRABARTY, H. RAJAGOPAL, S. K. SINHA and S. K. MALIK, Solid State Commun. 83 (1992) 905.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. P. S. AWANA, S. B. SAMANTA, P. K. DUTTA, E. GMELIN and A. V. NARLIKAR, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 3 (1991) 8893.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. C. VAJPEI and G. S. UPADHYAYA (eds) Key Engng Mater. 75 –76 (1992).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. TRISCONE, J. Y. GENOUD, T. GRAF, A. JUNOD and J. MULLER, Physica C 176 (1991) 247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. M. GONZÁLEZ-CALBET, A. BADÍA, M. VALLETREGÍ, A. CANEIRO, J. RAMIREZ, C. RILLO, F. LERA and R. NAVARRO, Physica C 203 (1992) 223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. SOTELO, G. F. DE LA FUENTE, F. LERA, D. BELTRÁN, F. SAPIÑA, R. IBÁÑEZ, A. BELTRÁN and M. R. BERMEJO, Chem. Mater. 5 (1993) 851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. SOTELO, PhD thesis, Universidad de Zaragoza (1994).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. T. RUIZ, G. F. DE LA FUENTE, A. BADÍA, J. BLASCO, M. CASTRO, A. SOTELO, A. LARREA, F. LERA, C. RILLO and R. NAVARRO, J. Mater. Res. 8 (1993) 1268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. SOTELO, L. A. ANGUREL, M. T. RUIZ, A. LARREA, F. LERA and G. F. DE LA FUENTE, Solid State Ionics 63 65 (1993) 889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. RILLO, F. LERA, A. BADÍA, L. A. ANGUREL, J. BARTOLOMÉ, F. PALACIO, R. NAVARRO and A. J. VAN DUYNEVELDT, in “Magnetic susceptibility of superconductors and other spin systems”, edited by R. A. Hein, T. L. Francavilla and D. H. Liebenberg (Plenum, New York, 1991) pp. 124.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. S. ROTH, C. J. RAWN, J. J. RITTER and B. P. BURTON, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 72 (1989) 1545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B. P. BURTON, C. J. RAWN and R. S. ROTH, J. Res. Natl Inst. Stand. Technol. 98 (1993) 469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. SCHULZE, P. MAJEWSKI, B. HETTICH and G. PETZOW, Z. Metallkde 81 (1990) 836.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. SESTÁK, J. Therm. Anal. 36 (1990) 1639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    L. A. ANGUREL, G. F. DE LA FUENTE, A. BADÍA, A. LARREA, J. C. DÍEZ, J. I. PEÑA, E. MARTÍNEZ and R. NAVARRO, in “Studies of high temperature superconductors”, Vol. 20, edited by A. Narlikar (Nova Science, Publishers, New York, 1997) pp. 131.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    G. F. DE LA FUENTE, J. C. DÍEZ, L. A. ANGUREL, J. I. PEÑA, A. SOTELO and R. NAVARRO, Adv. Mater. 7 (1995) 853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. I. PEÑA, L. A. ANGUREL, A. SOTELO, G. F. DE LA FUENTE and R. NAVARRO, in Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 8 Superconductivity and Superconducting Materials Technologies, October 1995, edited by P. Vicenzini (Techna, Faenza, 1995) pp. 481488.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

    • 1
  • J. I PENA
    • 1
    • 1
  • C DIEZ
    • 1
  • M. T RUIZ
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon (Consejo Superior de Investigacienes Cientificas–Universidad de ZaragozaZaragozaSpain

Personalised recommendations