The role of lattice water in determining the reactivity of various crystalline aluminas
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The thermal decomposition of alkali metal chlorides was studied on a series of colloidal and particulate aluminas with different crystalline phases. Decomposition was monitored by differential thermal and thermogravimetric analysis and the resulting phase development by X-ray diffraction. It was found that the presence of strongly bound lattice water in colloidal gel bohemite alumina caused significantly lower decomposition temperatures and increased reactivity towards compound formation. This has been attributed to the simultaneous loss of water via a hydrolysis reaction with the metal chloride, and subsequent phase transformation of the pseudo-bohemite into γ-alumina, forming the aluminate at a much reduced temperature.
KeywordsLiCl Metal Chloride Lattice Water Lithium Chloride Alkali Metal Salt
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