Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 249, Issue 2, pp 307–315 | Cite as

Use of lichen transplants in atmospheric deposition studies

  • M. C. FreitasEmail author
  • M. A. Reis
  • A. P. Marques
  • H. Th. Wolterbeek


Transplants of the lichen Parmelia sulcata were suspended in nylonbags in a region within a rectangle of 15 km wide and 25 km long on a grid2.5 km × 2.5 km, centred in a oil powered station. In each of the 47places, two sets of four transplants each were hung in a system that rotatesaccording to the wind direction. One set was always facing the wind and theother downwind. Every three months for a 9-month period one transplant fromeach set was collected. The transplants were analysed by instrumental neutronactivation analysis (INAA) and proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE). The transplantbehavior according to the different exposure to the wind is investigated,and some emission sources are identified.


Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Wind Direction INAA Atmospheric Deposition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers/Akadémiai Kiadó 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Freitas
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. A. Reis
    • 1
  • A. P. Marques
    • 1
  • H. Th. Wolterbeek
    • 2
  1. 1.ITN - Instituto Tecnológico e NuclearSacavémPortugal
  2. 2.IRI – TU DelftDelftThe Netherlands

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