Perceived problems of pharmcotherapy: a problem detection study among physicians and nurses at a Swedish University Hospital
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As a first step toward obtaining quality assurance regarding use and handling of drugs at Malmö University Hospital, a problem detection study (PDS) was performed, drug related problems being collected from nurses, physicians and pharmacists. Problem questionnaires relevant for physicians (67 items) and nurses (82 items) were prepared and sent to chief physicians and head nurses for distribution to colleagues. The problems identified covered all aspects of drug use and handling such as availability, prescription, dispensing, information and monitoring. Fifty‐six per cent (79/141) of the physicians and 68 per cent (88/130) of the nurses responded. The main problems were related to information, chart order sheets and follow up. The item 'Uncertain whether patients take their medicine correctly after discharge' scored highest among physicians. The two main problems for the nurses were that 'newly licensed drugs and drugs used on a named‐patient basis are not included in FASS' (the Swedish national formulary). The problem detection technique proved useful for the identification of drug‐related problems, and the results will provide a basis for further improvement in quality assurance in pharmacotherapy at the hospital.
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