Possibilities for Integrated Control of the Millet Stem Borer, Acigona Ignefusalis Hampson (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Nigeria

  • Olupomi Ajayi
Research Article


The millet stem borer, Acigona ignefusalis Hampson, can cause total crop failures when severe infestations occur such as happened in northern Nigeria in 1984. Research at the Institute for Agricultural Research at Samaru has shown that various millet types and varieties exhibit different levels of susceptibility to the stem borer, although no resistant varieties are yet available. Infestation and damage by the stem borer are strongly influenced by date of planting and rate and time of nitrogen fertilizer. The effect of mixed cropping with sorghum depends on the spatial arrangement of the component crops in the mixture as well as on the insect population pressure. Systemic insecticides, particularly granular carbofuran, have been found to control the stem borer more effectively than contact insecticides like carbaryl. Seed dressing with carbofuran has been found to be ineffective. Some natural enemies of the stem borer have been identified but their role in lowering damage to millet is minimal. The destruction of infested stems before the beginning of the rainy season is a very important control measure against the insect. The possibilities of integrating these various methods for stem borer control are discussed.

Key Words

Integrated control millet stem borer Acigona ignefusalis Pennisetum 


Le foreur des tiges du mil, Acigona ignefusalis Hampson, peut causer des pertes totales des cultures quand des infestations sévères se produisent comme c’était arrivé au nord du Nigeria en 1984. La recherche à l’Institut de Recherche agricole à Samaru a montré que differents types et varietés du mil montrent differents niveaux de susceptibilite au foreur des tiges, bien que des variétés resistantes ne soient pas encore disponibles. L’infestation et la dommage par le foreur des tiges sont fortement influencés par la date de semis et le taux et le temps d’application d’engrais azoté. L’effet de culture associée avec le sorgho depend apparemment de l’arrangement spatial des cultures dans l’association aussi bien que de la pression de la population d’insectes. Les insecticides systemiques, particulièrement le carbofuran granulaire, ont été trouvés plus efficaces dans le contrℓe du foreur des tiges que des insecticides de contact comme carbaryl. Envelopper les semences avec le carbofuran a été trouvé inefficace. Des ennemis naturels du foreur des tiges ont été identifiés mais leur rℓe dans la reduction du dommages sur le mil est moindre. La destruction des tiges infestées avant le debut de la saison des pluies est une mesure de contrℓe très importante contre l’insecte. Les possibilités d’integrer ces differentes methodes de contrℓe de foreur des tiges sont discutées.

Mots Cléfs

Contrôle integré mil foreur des tiges Acigona ignefusalis Pennisetum 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adesiyun, A. A. (1983) Some effects of intercropping sorghum, millet and maize on infestation by lepidopterous stalk-borers, particularly Busseola fusca. Insect Sci. Applic. 4: 387–391.Google Scholar
  2. Adesiyun, A. A. and Ajayi, O. (1980) Control of sorghum stem borer by partial burning of the stalks. Trop. Pest Manage. 26: 113–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ajayi, O. (1985) A checklist of millet insect pests and their natural enemies in Nigeria. Samaru Misc. Paper 108.Google Scholar
  4. Anonymous (1974) Agricultural Development in Nigeria 1973–1985. Published by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources Joint Planning Committee, Lagos 1974.Google Scholar
  5. Harris, K. M. (1962) Lepidopterous stem borers of cereals in Nigeria. Bull, entomol. Res. 53, 139–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. IAR (Institute for Agricultural Research) (1983) Entomology. In Cereals Research Programme: Cropping Scheme Meeting 1983. Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria, pp. 73–90.Google Scholar
  7. IAR (1984) Entomology. In Cereals Research Programme. Cropping Scheme Meeting 1984. Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria, pp. 82–88.Google Scholar
  8. IAR (1985) Entomology. In Cereals Research Programme: Cropping Scheme Meeting 1985. Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria, pp. 58–62.Google Scholar
  9. IAR (1986) Entomology. In Cereals Research Programme: Cropping Scheme Meeting 1986. Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria, pp. 65–74.Google Scholar
  10. IAR (1987) Entomology. In Cereals Research Programme: Cropping Scheme Meeting 1987. Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria, pp. 67–73.Google Scholar
  11. Lukefahr, M. J., Mamalo, A. K. and Nwanze, K. F. (1988) The occurrence of a seasonal quiescence in the millet stem borer, Contesta (Acigona) ignefusalis. Paper Presented at the Annual Regional Pearl Millet Workshop Held at the Congo Conference Hotel, Zaria, Nigeria, 15–19 August, 1988.Google Scholar
  12. Uvah I.I. (1984) Studies on the effect of onion plants on the oviposition behaviour of Psila rosae on caged carrot plants. Nigerian J. Entomol. 5: 83–88.Google Scholar
  13. Williams, L. B., Thakare, R. B. and Halilu, T. W. (1975) Millet Bench Mark Survey, Kano, 1975.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE-ICIPE Science Press 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olupomi Ajayi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Crop ProtectionInstitute for Agricultural ResearchSamaruNigeria

Personalised recommendations