Advertisement

Management of stemborer Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) using sowing date, host plant and chemical control in sorghum in the highlands of Eritrea

  • Adugna HaileEmail author
Article

Abstract

The effects of sowing date, host plant and insecticidal control of the stemborer Busseola fusca Fuller were studied in the highlands of Eritrea at Halhal Begos in 2003–2005. Sowing date had a significant effect on stemborer incidence and damage levels. Early sowing dates (April 1 and 15) had significantly lower numbers of larvae, percent infestation and deadhearts, and produced higher yields compared with later sowing dates. In the host preference experiment, Sudangrass (Sorghum X drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase) had the highest infestation (91%), and it was the most preferred host for oviposition among the tested plants. All the chemical treatments significantly reduced stemborer infestation and damage levels compared with untreated plots. Furadan and Cymbush significantly lowered infestation and larval damage. There were significant differences in days to heading, maturity, plant height and yield. In general, the study showed that early planting coupled with host preference and insecticides reduced the infestation of stemborers and significantly increased the yield of sorghum in the highlands of Eritrea.

Key words

Stemborer host preference oviposition sowing dates infestation yield control 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amoako-Atta B., Omolo E. O. and Kidega E. K. (1983) Influence of maize, cowpea and sorghum intercropping systems on stem-/pod-borer infestations. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 4, 47–57. doi:10.1017/S1742758400004021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayalew G. and Wale M. (1996) Sowing date against stalk borers, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) and Busseola fusca (Fuller) on sorghum in central Ethiopia, pp. 33–36. In Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the Crop Protection Society of Ethiopia (Addis Ababa), 18–19th May 1995. Crop Protection Society of Ethiopia (CPSE), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  3. Ba-Angood S. A. and Hubaishan M. A. (1983) Effect of sowing date and sorghum cultivar on shootfly and stemborers. In 10th International Congress of Plant Protection, 1983: Plant Protection for Human Welfare. Proceedings of a conference held in Brighton, England, 20–25 November 1983. British Crop Protection Council, Croydon, England. ISBN: 0901436798, 496 9780901436795.Google Scholar
  4. Berger A. (1994) Larval migration and pest management of the spotted stemborer Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Lep., Pyralidae). International Journal of Pest Management 40, 6–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chatterji S. M., Sarup P., Bhambukar M. W., Marwaha K. K., Panwar V. P. S. and Siddiqui K. H. (1972) Evolution of control schedule for the pests of maize with particular reference to the stemborer, Chilo zonellus (Swinhoe). Indian Journal of Entomology 34, 142–147.Google Scholar
  6. Drinkwater T. W., Walters M. C. and Van Rensburg J. B. J. (1979) The application of systemic insecticides to the soil for the control of the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lep: Noctuidae), and of Cicadulina mbila (Naudé) (Hem.; Cicadellidae), the vector of maize streak virus. Phytophylactica 11, 5–12.Google Scholar
  7. Egwuatu R. I. and Ita B. (1982) Some effects of single and split application of carbofuran on the incidence of and damage by Locris maculata, Busseola fusca and Sesamia calamistis on maize. Tropical Pest Management 28, 277–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ganguli R. N., Chaudhary R. N. and Ganguli J. (1997) Effect of time of application of chemicals on management of maize stem borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe). International Journal of Pest Management 43, 253–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gebre-Amlak A. (1985) Survey of lepidopterous stem borers attacking maize and sorghum in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 7, 15–26.Google Scholar
  10. Gebre-Amlak A. (1988) Development of maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller) in wild host plants in Ethiopia. Journal of Applied Entomology 106, 390–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gebre-Amlak A., Sigvald R. and Pettersson J. (1989) The relationship between sowing date, infestation and damage by the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca (Noctuidae), on maize in Awassa, Ethiopia. Tropical Pest Management 35, 143–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Getu E. (1996) Insecticidal control of maize stalk borer. IAR Newsletter of Agricultural Research 11, 4–5.Google Scholar
  13. Girling D. J. (1978) The distribution and biology of Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and its relationship to other stemborers in Uganda. Bulletin of Entomological Research 68, 471–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Haile A. and Hofsvang T. (2001) Survey of lepidopterous stem borer pests of sorghum, maize and pearl millet in Eritrea. Crop Protection 20, 151–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harris K. M. (1962) Lepidopterous stemborers of cereals in Nigeria. Bulletin of Entomological Research 53, 139–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hutter N. J. (1996) An assessment of the potential value of ten varieties of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) with respect to their use as a trap crop for the spotted stemborer (Chilo partellus) attacking maize (Zea mays). MSc thesis, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Newcastle, UK.Google Scholar
  17. Ingram W. E. (1958) The lepidopterous stalk borers associated with Gramineae in Uganda. Bulletin of Entomological Research 49, 367–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jepson W. E. (1954) A Critical Review of the World Literature on the Lepidopterous Stalk Borers of Tropical Graminaceous Crops. Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, London. 127 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Jotwani, M. J., Chandra, D., Young, W. R., Sukhani, R. T. and Saxena, P. N. (1971) Estimation of avoidable losses caused by the insect complex on sorghum hybrid CSH 1 and percentage increase in yield over untreated control. Indian Journal of Entomology 33, 375–383.Google Scholar
  20. Jotwani M. G. (1983) Chemical control of cereal stemborers. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 4, 185–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Khan M. R. and Khan B. M. (1969) Biology and control of maize stem borer, C. partellus in Peshawar. Science India 6, 24–30.Google Scholar
  22. Khan Z. R., Ampong-Nyarko K., Chiliswa P., Hassanali A., Kimani S., Lwande W., Overholt W. A., Pickett J. A., Smart L. E. and Woodcock C. M. (1997) Intercropping increases parasitism of pests. Nature 388, 631–632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Khan Z. R., Chiliswa P., Ampong-Nyarko K, Smart L. E., Polaszek A., Wandera J. and Mulaa M. A. (2003) Utilisation of wild gramineous plants for management of cereal stemborers in Africa. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 17, 143–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lawani S. M. (1982) A review of the effects of various agronomic practices on cereal stem borer populations. Tropical Pest Management 28, 266–276. doi:10.1080/09670878209370720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Le Ru B. P., Ong’amo G. O., Moyal P., Ngala L., Musyoka B., Abdullah Z., Cugala D., Defabachew B., Haile T A., Kauma Matama T., Lada V. Y., Negassi B., Pallangyo K., Ravolonandrianina J., Sidumo A., Omwega C. O., Schulthess E., Calatayud P. A. and Silvain J. F. (2006) Diversity of lepidopteran stem borers on monocoty-ledonous plants in eastern Africa and the islands of Madagascar and Zanzibar revisited. Bulletin of Entomological Research 96, 555–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Macfarlane J. H. (1990) Damage assessment and yield losses in sorghum due to the stem borer Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Northern Nigeria. Tropical Pest Management 36, 131–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mchowa J. W. (1990) The effect of planting date on the incidence of the stalk borer (Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lep., Noctuidae) and Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Lep., Pyralidae) in two varieties of sorghum, pp. 67–73. In Proceedings of the 6th Annual Regional Workshop of Sorghum and Millet Improvement, 18–22 September, Bulawaayo.Google Scholar
  28. Mathez F. C. (1972) Chilo partellus Swinhoe, Chilo orichalcociliellus Strand (Lep., Crambidae) and Sesamia calamistis Hmps. (Lep., Noctuidae) on maize in the Coast Province, Kenya. Mitt. Schweiz. Ent. Ges. 45, 267–289.Google Scholar
  29. Matteson P. C. (1982) The effects of intercropping with cereals and minimal permethrin applications on insect pests of cowpea and their natural enemies in Nigeria. Tropical Pest Management 28, 372–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Medvecky B. A. and Zalom F. G. (1992) Conventional and alternative insecticides, including a granular formulation of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki for the control of Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Kenya. Tropical Pest Management 38, 186–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Montgomery, D. C. (1984) Design and Analysis of Experiments, 2nd edn. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  32. National Research Council (1969) Insect-Pest Management and Control No. 1695. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  33. Päts P., Ekbom B. and Skovgârd H. (1997) Influence of intercropping on the abundance, distribution and parasitism of Chilo spp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) eggs. Bulletin of Entomological Research 87, 507–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Raros R. S. (1974) Crop protection with carbofuran and its effect on soil and litter associated mites and Collembola. In Proceedings of the 5th National Pest Control Council Conference of the Philippines, Davao City, 8–10 May 1974, Pest Control Council of the Philippines, Los Banos, Philippines.Google Scholar
  35. Sekhon S. S., Kanta U. and Sajjan S. S. (1989) Control of maize borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) infesting maize with seed treatment formulation and other insecticides. Journal of Insect Science 1, 77–79.Google Scholar
  36. Seshu Reddy K. V. (1983) Studies on the stem-borer complex of sorghum in Kenya. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 4, 3–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Seshu Reddy K. V. (1991) Insect pests of sorghum in Africa. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 12, 653–657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Skovgård H. and Päts P. (1997) Reduction of stemborer damage by intercropping maize with cowpea. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 62, 13–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Swaine G. (1957) The maize and sorghum stalk borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller), in peasant agriculture in Tanganyika territory. Bulletin of Entomological Research 48, 711–722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Van Emden H. F. and Dabrowski Z. T. (1994) Biodiversity and habitat modification in pest management. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 15, 605–620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Van Emden H. F. and Way M. J. (1972) Host plants in the population dynamics of insects, pp. 181–199. In Insect/Plant Relationships (edited by H. F. van Emden). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.Google Scholar
  42. Van Rensburg J. B. J. and Walters M. C. (1978) The efficacy of systemic insecticides applied to the soil for control of Cicadulina mbila (Naudé) (Hem.: Cicadellidae), the vector of maize streak disease, and the maize stalk borer Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lep., Noctuidae). Phytophylactica 10, 49–52.Google Scholar
  43. Van Rensburg J. B. J., Walters M. C. and Giliomee J. H. (1987) Ecology of the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 77, 255–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Walker P. T. and Hodson M. J. (1976) Developments in maize stem-borer control in East Africa, including the use of insecticide granules. Annals of Applied Biology 84, 111–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Watt A. D. (1981) Wild grasses and grain aphid (Sitobion avenae), pp. 222–229. In Pests, Pathogens and Vegetation (edited by Thresh J.M.). Pitman Advanced Publishing Program, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hamelmalo College of Agriculture (HAC)KerenEritrea

Personalised recommendations