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Feeding preferences of Coptotermes heimi (Isoptera: Termitidae) under laboratory and field conditions for different commercial and non-commercial woods

  • Khalid Zamir RasibEmail author
  • Hina Ashraf
Research Paper

Abstract

Coptotermes heimi (Wasmann) is a termite widely present throughout Pakistan and causes detrimental effects in standing trees. In this study, the feeding preferences of C. heimi for 18 different wood species were determined through choice and no-choice trials under laboratory and field conditions. In no-choice laboratory trials, different combinations of wood blocks were used to determine wood consumption by C. heimi. Weight loss, consumption/individual and survival rate were evaluated. Populus euramericana was found to be the most susceptible wood species and Syzygium cumini the most resistant one. Nine different wood combinations were used under choice laboratory conditions; maximum feeding was recorded in P. euramericana and Pinus roxburghii (50.8–24.5 mg). However, minimum feeding was recorded in S. cumini (2mg) and Tectona grandis (14.9 mg). Under no-choice field conditions, minimum feeding was recorded in S. cumini (9.5 mg) and maximum feeding in P. euramericana (60.5 mg). Under choice field conditions, maximum (58 mg) feeding was recorded in P. euramericana and minimum feeding in S. cumini. Feeding preferences in descending order based on wood consumption as a quantitative parameter documented were as follows: P. euramericana > Ailanthus excelsa > Azadirachta indica > P. roxburghii > Butea monosperma > Morus alba > Bauhinia variegata > Albizia lebbeck > Dalbergia sissoo > Heterophragma adenophyllum > Erythrinasuberosa > Cassiafistula > T. grandis > Mangifera indica > Eucalyptus camaldulensis > Jacaranda mimosifolia > Bambusa bamboo > S. cumini.

Key words

feeding preferences, Coptotermes heimi, no-choice laboratory trials, choice field trials, Populus euramericana, Syzygium cumini 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biology DepartmentForman Christian College UniversityLahorePakistan

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