Advertisement

Pollination efficiency of Apis mellifera adansonii (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Callistemon rigidus (Myrtaceae) flowers at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon)

  • Sidonie Fameni TopeEmail author
  • Fernand-Nestor Tchuenguem Fohouo
  • Dorothea Brückner
Research Paper

Abstract

To evaluate the impact of the honeybee Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille on fruit and seed yields of Callistemon rigidus R. Br. 1819, its foraging and pollinating activities were studied in Ngaoundéré for two seasons (June–August 2009 and July–September 2010). Each year, observations were made on 120 inflorescences per treatment. The treatments included unlimited flower access by all visitors, bagged flowers to deny all visits and limited visits by A. m. adansonii only. In addition, all flower visitors were recorded. The worker bee’s seasonal rhythm of activity its foraging behaviour on flowers, its pollination efficiency, the fruiting rate, the number of seeds per fruit and the percentage of normal seeds were recorded. Individuals from five and ten insect species that visited C. rigidus flowers were recorded in 2009 and 2010, respectively. Apis mellifera adansonii was the most frequent, followed by Myrmicaria opaciventris Emery. Apis mellifera adansonii intensely and preferably foraged for nectar. The fruiting rate, the number of seeds per fruit and the percentage of normal seeds of unprotected inflorescences were significantly higher than those of inflorescences protected from insects. Apis mellifera adansonii foraging resulted in a significant increase in the fruiting rate by 92.04% in 2009 and 64% in 2010, as well as the number of seeds per fruit by 38.67% in 2009 and 59.16% in 2010, and the percentage of normal seeds by 84.67% in 2009 and 82.30% in 2010. Cultivation of C. rigidus plants could be recommended to increase seeds, fruits and honey production.

Key words

Apis mellifera adansonii Callistemon rigidus pollination yield 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Backhaus W. (1993) Colour vision and colour choice behaviour of the honey bee. Apidologie 24, 309–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Basualdo M., Bedascarrasbure E. and De Jong D. (2000) Africanized honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) have a greater fidelity to sunflowers than European bees. Journal of Economic Entomology 93, 304–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Djonwangwe D., Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N. and Messi J. (2011a) Foraging and pollination activities of Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Ximenia americana (Olacaceae) flowers at Ngaoundéré (Cameroon). International Research Journal of Plant Science 2, 170–178.Google Scholar
  4. Djonwangwe D., Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Messi J. and Brückner D. (2011b) Foraging and pollination activities of Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Apidae) on Syzygium guineense var. guineense (Myrtaceae) flowers at Ngaoundéré (Cameroon). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 10, 1325–1333.Google Scholar
  5. Faegri K. and Pijl L. V. D. (1979) The Principles of Pollination Ecology. Pergamon Press, Oxford. 244 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Fluri P. and Frick R. (2005) L’apiculture en Suisse: état et perspectives. Revue Suisse d’Apiculture 37, 81–86.Google Scholar
  7. Freitas B. M. (1997) Number and distribution of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) pollen grains on the bodies of its pollinators, Apis mellifera and Centris tarsata. Journal of Apicultural Research 36, 15–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goodman L. (2003) Form and Function in the Honey Bee. IBRA, Cardiff. 22 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Jacob-Remacle A. (1989) Comportement de butinage de l’abeille domestique et des abeilles sauvages dans des vergers de pommiers en Belgique. Apidologie 20, 271–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kajobe R. (2006) Pollen foraging by Apis mellifera and stingless bees Meliponula bocandei and Meliponula nebulata in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 45, 265–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Keller L. F. and Waller D. M. (2002) Inbreeding effects in wild populations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17, 230–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kengue J., Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N. and Adewusi H. G. (2002) Towards the improvement of safou (Dacryodes edulis): population variation and reproductive biology. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 12, 73–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Klein A. M., Vaissière B. E., Cane J. H., Steffan-Dewenter I., Cunnigham S. A., Kremen C. and Tscharntke T. (2007) Importance of pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274, 303–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Louveaux J. (1984) L’abeille domestique dans ses relations avec les plantes cultivées, pp. 527–555. In Pollinisation et productions végétales (edited by P. Pesson and J. Louveaux). INRA, Paris.Google Scholar
  15. Philippe J. M. (1991) La pollinisation par les abeilles: pose des colonies dans les cultures en floraison en vue d’accroître les rendements des productions végétales. EDISUD, Aix-en-Provence. 178 pp.Google Scholar
  16. Proctor M., Yeo P. and Lack A. (1996) The Natural History of Pollination (edited by S. A. Corbet, S. M. Walters, W. Richard, D. Streeter and D. A. Ratcliffe). Harper Collins, London. 462 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Roubik D. W. (1995) Pollination of cultivated plants in the tropics. PAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 118, 198.Google Scholar
  18. Sabbahi R., De Oliveira D. and Marceau J. (2005) Influence of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) density on the production of canola (Crucifera: Brassicaceae). Journal of Economic Entomology 1, 367–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Schneider S. S. and Hall H. G. (1997) Diet selection and foraging distances of African and European-African hybrid honey bee colonies in Costa Rica. Insectes Sociaux 44, 171–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N. (2005) Activité de butinage et de pollinisation d’Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Apinae) sur les fleurs de trois plantes à Ngaoundéré (Cameroun): Callistemon rigidus (Myrtaceae), Sygygium guineense var. macrocarpum (Myrtaceae) et Voacanga africana (Apocynaceae). Thèse du Doctorat d’Etat, Université de Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon. 103 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Djonwangwe D., Messi J. and Brückner D. (2007) Exploitation of Entada africana, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Psidium guajava and Trichilia emetica flowers by Apis mellifera adansonii at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon) Cameroon Journal of Experimental Biology, 3 50–60.Google Scholar
  22. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Djonwangwe D., Messi J. and Brückner D. (2008a) Exploitation of Dichrostachys cinerea, Vitellaria paradoxa, Persea americana and Securidaca longepedunculata flowers by Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 28, 225–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Djonwangwe D. and Brückner D. (2008b) Foraging behaviour of the African honey bee (Apis mellifera adansonii) on Annona senegalensis, Croton macrostachyus, Psorospermum febrifugum and Syzygium guineense var. guineense flowers at Ngaoundéré (Cameroon). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 11, 719–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Djonwangwe D., Messi J. and Brückner D. (2009a) Activité de butinage et de pollinisation de Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) sur les fleurs de Helianthus annus (Asteraceae) à Ngaoundéré (Cameroun). Cameroon Journal of Experimental Biology 5, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Fameni Tope S., Mbianda Pharaon A., Messi J. and Brückner D. (2010) Foraging behaviour of Apis mellifera adansonii (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Combretum nigricans, Erythrina sigmoidea, Lannea kerstingii and Vernonia amygdalina flowers at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon). International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 30, 40–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Messi J., Brückner D., Bouba B., Mbofung G. and Hentchoya Hemo J. (2004) Foraging and pollination behaviour of the African honey bee (Apis mellifera adansonii) on Callistemon rigidus flowers at Ngaoundéré (Cameroon). Journal of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences 4, 133–140.Google Scholar
  27. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Messi J. and Pauly A. (2001) Activité de Meliponula erythra sur les fleurs de Dacryodes edulis et son impact sur la fructification. Fruits 56, 179–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Ngakou A. and Kengni B. S. (2009b) Pollination and yield responses of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) to the foraging activity of Apis mellifera adansonii (Hymenoptera: Apidae) at Ngaoundéré (Cameroon). African Journal of Biotechnology 8, 1988–1996.Google Scholar
  29. Tchuenguem Fohouo F.-N., Nyomo A., Hentchoya Hemo J. and Messi J. (1997) Introduction à l’étude de l’activité d’Apis mellifica L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) sur les fleurs de Callistemon rigidus R. Br. (Myrtaceae) à Dang (Adamaoua, Cameroun). Cameroon Journal of Biological and Biochemical Sciences 1, 78–85.Google Scholar
  30. Valdeyron G. (1984) Production de semences pour quelques plantes de grandes cultures: cereales, graminées fourragères, betterave à sucre, pp. 143–330. In Pollinisation et productions végétales (edited by P. Pesson and J. Louveaux). INRA, Paris.Google Scholar
  31. von Frisch K. (1969) Vie et moeurs des abeilles (edited by A. Michel). Paris. 556 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sidonie Fameni Tope
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fernand-Nestor Tchuenguem Fohouo
    • 1
  • Dorothea Brückner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of NgaoundéréNgaoundéréCameroon
  2. 2.Forschungsstelle für BienenkundeUniversität Bremen, FB2BremenGermany

Personalised recommendations