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International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 109–113 | Cite as

Seasonal and regional distribution of the cowpea pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in Burkina Faso

  • Niango Malick BaEmail author
  • Venu M. Margam
  • Clementine L. Binso-Dabire
  • Antoine Sanon
  • Jeremy N. McNeil
  • Larry L. Murdock
  • Barry R. Pittendrigh
Research Paper

Abstract

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is an important food staple in sub-Saharan Africa. The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata Fabricius is one of the key pests of cowpea as the larvae feed on the tender parts of the stem, peduncles, flower buds, flowers and on pods of the plant, causing significant yield losses. Understanding the seasonal and geographical patterns of M. vitrata is essential for the establishment of effective pest management strategies. Sites in three ecological zones in Burkina Faso were sampled for the presence of M. vitrata adults and larvae both during and outside of the cowpea-growing season. Our data suggest that M. vitrata do not maintain a permanent population in the Sahelian or Sudano-Sahelian zones, but emigrate from the Sudanian zone where M. vitrata populations evidently may occur throughout the year.

Key words

migration Africa Maruca vitrata pests 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niango Malick Ba
    • 1
    Email author
  • Venu M. Margam
    • 3
  • Clementine L. Binso-Dabire
    • 1
  • Antoine Sanon
    • 2
  • Jeremy N. McNeil
    • 4
  • Larry L. Murdock
    • 3
  • Barry R. Pittendrigh
    • 5
  1. 1.Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA)Station de KamboinséOuagadougou 01Burkina Faso
  2. 2.Laboratory of Fundamental and Applied EntomologyUniversity of OuagadougouOuagadougouBurkina Faso
  3. 3.Department of EntomologyPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiologyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  5. 5.Department of EntomologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignChampaignUSA

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