Advertisement

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 677–683 | Cite as

The Biology and Colonization of Some Kenyan Phlebotomine Sandfly Species (Diptera, Psychodidae)

  • M. J. Mutinga
  • C. C. Kamau
  • J. B. Kaddu
  • F. M. Kyai
  • D. M. Omogo
  • J. Mwandandu
  • J. Ndambuki
Research Article

Abstract

Adults of various phlebotomine sandfly species were obtained from leishmaniases endemic foci in Kenya using several trapping methods. Ten species were successfully reared from egg to adult in the laboratory; and large colonies of Sergentomyia schwetzi, S. bedfordi, S. ingrami, S. antennatus, S. adleri, S. garnhami, Phlebotomus duboscqi and P. martini established. Generally, the development of Phlebotomus spp. from egg to adult took longer (54.7-57.2 days) than Sergentomyia spp. whose developmental time with the exception of S. garnhami, varied between 36.5-42.3 days.

Résumé

Plusieurs techniques de capture ont été utilisées dans des foyers endémique de leishmaniose au Kenya pour collecter des phlebotomes adultes de differentes espèces. Dix espèces de Phlebotomes ont été élévées au laboratoire d’une manière satisfaisante à partir des oeufs jusqu’aux adultes. Des ces espèces, des colonies de Sergentomyia schewtzi, S. bedfordi, S. ingrami, S. antennatus, S. adleri, S. garnhami, Phlebotomus duboscqi and P. martini ont été établies. Généralement, des espèces du genre Phlebotomus prennent longtemps pour se développer de l’oeuf à l’adulte (54.7-57.2 jours) tandis que ceux du genre Sergentomyia à l’exception de S. garnhami ont un temps de developpement qui varie entre 36.5-423 jours.

Key Words

Phlebotomus Sergentomyia colonization sandfly biology 

Mots Clefs

Phlebotomus Sergentomyia colonization Phlebotome biologie 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beach R., Mutinga M. J., Young D. G and Kaddu J. B. (1982) Laboratory colonization of Phlebotomus martini, Parrot, 1936 (Diptera: Psychodidae), a vector of leishmaniasis in Kenya. Proc. 3rd KEMRIIKETRI Sci. Conf. Nairobi, Kenya. pp. 189–190.Google Scholar
  2. Beach R., Young D. G. and Mutinga M. J. (1983) New phlebotomine sandfly colonies: Rearing Phlebotomus martini, Sergentomyia schwetzi, and Sergentomyia africana (Diptera:Psychodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 20, 579–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chaniotis B. N. (1975) A new method for rearing Lutzomyia trapidoi (Diptera: Psychodidae), with observations on its development and behavior in the laboratory. J. Med. Entomol. 12, 183–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Christensen H. A. (1972) Colonization of Lutzomyia trinidadensis and L. vespertilionis (Diptera: Psychodidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 65, 683–686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Foster W. A., Tesfa-Yohannes R.M. and Tesfai Tacle (1970) Studies on leishmaniasis in Ethiopia. II. Laboratory culture and biology of Phlebotomus longipes (Diptera: Psychodidae). Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 64, 403–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grassi B. (1907) Ricerche sui Flebotomi. Mem. Soc. Ital. Sci. Ser. 14, 353–594.Google Scholar
  7. Johnson P. T. and Hertig M. (1961) The rearing of Phlebotomus sandflies II. Development and behaviour of Panamanian sandflies in laboratory culture. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 54, 764–776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kaddu J. B., Mutinga M. J. and Nyamori M. P. (1986) Artificial feeding and attempt to infect six species of laboratory reared sandflies with Leishmania donovani. Insect Sci. Applic. 7, 207–212.Google Scholar
  9. Kapur R. V. and Mutinga M. J. (1981) Studies of the biology and behaviour of Phlebotomus martini (Diptera: Phlebotomidae) from Kibauni, Machakos District, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 2, 251–252.Google Scholar
  10. Killick-Kendrick R. (1978) Recent advances and outstanding problems in the biology of phlebotomine sandflies. Acta Trop. 35, 297–313.Google Scholar
  11. Killick-Kendrick R., Leaney A. J., and Ready P.D. (1977) The establishment, maintenance and productivity of a laboratory colony of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 13, 429–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Modi G. B. and Tesh R. B. (1983) A simple technique for mass rearing Lutzomyia longipalpis and Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera:Psychodidae) in the laboratory. J. Med. Entomol. 20, 568–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mutinga M.J.(1971) Phlebotomus longipes, a vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kenya. (Correspondence). Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 65, 106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mutinga M. J. (1972) Cutaneous leishmaniasis and its transmission factors in Kenya. Ph.D thesis, University of Nairobi.Google Scholar
  15. Mutinga M. J. and Kaddu J. B. (1983) Studies on vector of Leishmania major in Kenya. Proc. 58th Ann. Meeting Am. Soc. Parasit. San Antonio, Texas, USA (p. 57).Google Scholar
  16. Mutinga M. J. and Kamau C. C. (1986) Investigations of the epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Kenya II: The breeding sites of phlebotomine sandflies in Marigat, Baringo District, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 7, 37–44.Google Scholar
  17. Mutinga M. J., Kyai F.M., Kamau C. C. and Omogo D. M. (1986) Epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Kenya—III. Host preference studies using various types of animal baits at animal burrows in Marigat, Baringo District. Insect Sci. Applic. 9, 191–198.Google Scholar
  18. Mutinga M. J., Kamau C. C. and Mwandandu J. (1987) Laboratory investigations on the survival and fecundity of Phlebotomus duboscqi (Diptera: Psychodidae), a vector of Leishmania major in Kenya. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 38, 86–88.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Mutinga M. J. and Odhiambo T. R. (1982) Studies on infection rates of human-baited anthropophilic sandflies in Machakos District, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 4, 237–240.Google Scholar
  20. Mutinga M. J. and Odhiambo T. R. (1986) Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kenya III: The breeding and resting sites of P. pedifer (Diptera: Phlebotomine) in Mt. Elgon focus, Kenya. Insect Sci. Applic. 7, 175–180.Google Scholar
  21. Ready P.D. and Croset H. (1977) Rearing methods for two sandfly species (Diptera:Phlebotomidae) from the “midi” France. Trans. R. soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 71, 384.Google Scholar
  22. Unsworth K. and Gordon R.M. (1946) The maintenance of Phlebotomus papatasi in Great Britain. Ann. Trop. Med. Hyg. 40, 218–227.Google Scholar
  23. Ward R.D. (1977) Colonization of Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (Diptera:Psychodidae), a vector of Leishmania mexicana amazonensis in Brazil. J. Med. Entomol. 14, 469–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Whittingham H. E. and Rook A. F. (1923) The life history of Phlebotomus papatasi. Proc. Rev. Soc. Med. 16, 305–309.Google Scholar
  25. Wijers D. J. B. and Minter D. M. (1962) Studies on the vector of kala-azar in Kenya I:Entomological evidence. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 56, 462–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Young D. G., Perkins P. V. and Endris R.V. (1981) A larval diet for rearing phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 18, 446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ICIPE 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Mutinga
    • 1
  • C. C. Kamau
    • 1
  • J. B. Kaddu
    • 1
  • F. M. Kyai
    • 1
  • D. M. Omogo
    • 1
  • J. Mwandandu
    • 1
  • J. Ndambuki
    • 1
  1. 1.The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE)NairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations