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International Journal of Tropical Insect Science

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 583–598 | Cite as

The Changing Role of Pesticides in Pest Management

  • G. A. Schaefers
Article

Abstract

Significant changes have occurred in the role of pesticides in pest management programmes since the publication of Carson’s book Silent Spring in 1962. This discourse addresses the multitude of factors which contributed to these changes including such factors as policy and legislation, the public’s perception of associated risks, population pressures, the availability of practical integrated pest management programmes, and perhaps most importantly, the constraints to IPM in Third World countries. While reliable statistics are difficult to obtain, the changing patterns in pesticide use in the tropical regions are also discussed. Finally, the future of pesticide use in developing countries is projected, as is the necessity of their use and expected impacts.

Keywords

policy legislation environmental impact production cultural control 

Résumé

Des changements significatifs ont eu lieu à propos du rôle des pesticides dans des programmes de lutte dirigêe depuis la parution du livre de Carson “Le printemps silencieux” en 1962. Cet exposê aborde la multitude des facteurs qui ont contribuê à ces changements, notament des facteurs tels que politique et lêgislation, perception des risques associês par le public, pressions dêmographiques, disponibilitê des programmes pratiques de lutte dirigêe et plus important peut être, les contraintes à la lutte dirigêe dans le Tiers-Monde. Alors que des statistiques fiables sont difficiles à obtenir, les modes de changement dans l’usage des pesticides dans les rêgions tropicales sont aussi discutês. Finalement, des projections concernant l’avenir de l’usage des pesticides dans les pays en voie de dêveloppement sont faites tout comme sur la nêcessitê de leur usage et de leurs impacts attendus.

Mots Clés

politique législation impact écologique production lutte au moyen de practiques culturales 

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Copyright information

© ICIPE 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Schaefers
    • 1
  1. 1.Cornell UniversityGenevaUSA

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